Role of Pharmacist in Disaster Management: Social Pharmacy Practical
Disasters — natural or man-made — occurring since the existence of human beings lead serious and negative outcomes in terms of health. Disaster consider a public health problem has been defined by World Medical Association as “A disaster is the sudden occurrence of a calamitous, usually violent, event
resulting in substantial material damage, considerable displacement of people, a large number of victims and/or significant social disruption or a combination thereof”.
United Nations’ of International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN/ISDR) defines a disaster as “calamity” or a “catastrophic” event that causes serious destruction in the functioning of a community or society with widespread human, material, economic, and/or environmental loss.
According to World Health Organization (WHO), natural hazards from emergencies impact approximately 190 million people directly, leading to more than 77,000 deaths annually. Furthermore, the WHO recorded 1200 outbreaks in 168 countries during the period 2012–2017, taking into account new or reappearing infectious diseases. In 1918, the H1N1 virus caused an influenza pandemic that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) described as the harshest and most severe pandemic in recent history. It is estimated that this virus infected approximately one-third of the world’s population and caused more than 50 million deaths worldwide
Role of Pharmacist in Disaster Management
Pharmacists are serving for meeting the needs for drugs of the society and are trying to sustain such services in the events of disasters. They are uniquely positioned during disasters to provide healthcare continuity and medication management to affected communities. Pharmacists play a very important role
in the accurate determination, provision, and use of drugs which are of particular importance in terms of medical care used by disaster victims.
It has been acknowledged that pharmacists are the most widely distributed healthcare professional, being more accessible than supermarkets, banks, or medical centers
Broad range of pharmacists’ functions in disasters are as
Collaborate on medication management
Educate public about therapies
Act to prevent panic and fear
Discourage personal drug stockpiles
Monitor disease progression
Engage in one-on-one patient counseling
Ensure proper deployment of drugs
Become well-informed about relevant topics
Develop and maintain first-aid skills
Assist in patient triage and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
Select therapies for stockpiles and inventories
Maintain effective system of distribution and control
Ensure proper packaging, storing, labeling, etc.
Compile patient records
Develop guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of disease
Coordinate with state and local boards to avoid redundancy
Incorporate drug expertise in policy decisions at state and local level
Tele-pharmacy and tele-health
Patient counseling and education at community level
Vaccination and immunization
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