BP504T Pharmacognosy II – Theory

Pharmacognosy II Theory PCI Syllabus

UNIT-I Metabolic pathways in higher plants and their determination:

a) Brief study of basic metabolic pathways and formation of different secondary metabolites
through these pathways- Shikimic acid pathway, Acetate pathways, and Amino acid pathway.

b) Study of the utilization of radioactive isotopes in the investigation of Biogenetic studies.

UNIT-II

General introduction, composition, chemistry & chemical classes, biosources, therapeutic uses, and commercial applications of the following secondary metabolites:

Alkaloids

Vinca

Rauwolfia

Belladonna

Opium

Phenylpropanoids and Flavonoids

Lignans

Tea

Ruta

Steroids, Cardiac Glycosides & Triterpenoids

Liquorice

Dioscorea

Digitalis (Video lecture)

Volatile oils

Mentha

Clove

Cinnamon (Video lecture)

Fennel

Coriander

Tannins

Catechu

Pterocarpus

Resins

Benzoin

Guggul

Ginger

Asafoetida

Myrrh

Colophony

Glycosides

Senna (Video lecture)

Aloes

Bitter Almond

Iridoids

Terpenoids & Naphthaquinones

Gentian

Artemisia

Taxus

Carotenoids

UNIT-III Isolation, Identification, and Analysis of Phytoconstituents

a) Terpenoids: Menthol, Citral, Artemisinin

b) Glycosides: Glycyrhetinic acid & Rutin

c) Alkaloids: Atropine, Quinine, Reserpine, Caffeine

d) Resins: Podophyllotoxin, Curcumin

UNIT-IV Industrial production, estimation, and utilization of the following phytoconstituents:

Forskolin, Sennoside, Artemisinin, Diosgenin, Digoxin, Atropine, Podophyllotoxin, Caffeine,
Taxol, Vincristine and Vinblastine

UNIT V Basics of Phytochemistry

Modern methods of extraction, application of latest techniques like Spectroscopy,
chromatography and electrophoresis in the isolation, purification, and identification of crude
drugs

  1. W.C.Evans, Trease and Evans Pharmacognosy, 16th edition, W.B. Sounders & Co., London, 2009.
  2. Mohammad Ali. Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, CBS Publishers & Distribution, New Delhi.
  3. Text book of Pharmacognosy by C.K. Kokate, Purohit, Gokhlae (2007), 37th Edition, Nirali Prakashan, New Delhi.
  4. Herbal drug industry by R.D. Choudhary (1996), Ist Edn, Eastern Publisher, New Delhi.
  5. Essentials of Pharmacognosy, Dr.SH.Ansari, IInd edition, Birla publications, New Delhi, 2007
  6. Herbal Cosmetics by H.Pande, Asia Pacific Business press, Inc, New Delhi.
  7. A.N. Kalia, Textbook of Industrial Pharmacognosy, CBS Publishers, New Delhi, 2005.
  8. R Endress, Plant cell Biotechnology, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994.
  9. Pharmacognosy & Pharmacobiotechnology. James Bobbers, Marilyn KS, VE Tylor.
  10. The formulation and preparation of cosmetic, fragrances and flavours.
  11. Remington’s Pharmaceutical sciences.
  12. Text Book of Biotechnology by Vyas and Dixit.
  13. Text Book of Biotechnology by R.C. Dubey.

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