Introduction to Pharmacopoeia
A pharmacopoeia, pharmacopeia, or pharmacopoea (from the obsolete typography pharmacopœia, meaning “drug-making”), in its modern technical sense, is a book containing directions for the identification of compound medicines and published by the authority of a government or a medical or pharmaceutical society.
Descriptions of preparations are called monographs. In a broader sense, it is a reference work for pharmaceutical drug specifications.
History of Pharmacopoeia
Although older writings exist that deal with herbal medicine, the major initial work in the field is considered to be the Edwin Smith Papyrus in Egypt, Pliny’s pharmacopoeia.
A number of early pharmacopoeia books were written by Persian and Arab physicians. These included The Canon of Medicine of Avicenna in 1025 AD, and works by Ibn Zuhr (Avenzoar) in the 12th century (and printed in 1491), and Ibn Baytar in the 14th century. The Shen-nung pen ts’ao ching (Divine Husbandman’s Materia Medica) is the earliest known Chinese pharmacopoeia. The text describes 365 medicines derived from plants, animals, and minerals; according to legend, it was written by the Chinese god Shennong.
Pharmacopeial synopsis was recorded in the Timbuktu manuscripts of Mali.
List of Pharmacopoeia:
A. United States Pharmacopeia
B. British Pharmacopoeia
C. European Pharmacopoeia
D. International Pharmacopoeia
E. Japanese Pharmacopoeia
F. Indian Pharmacopoeia
G. Chinese Pharmacopoeia
H. Others Pharmacopoeia
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