Dimensions of Health Social Pharmacy Notes
Chapter 1 Notes Social Pharmacy
1.1 Definition and Scope. 1.2 Role of Pharmacists in Public Health. 1.3 Concept of Health -WHO Definition,
1.4 Dimensions of health, 1.5 Determinants of health, 1.6 Indicators of health. 1.7 National Health Policy–Indian perspective 1.8 Public and Private Health System in India, 1.9 National Health Mission 1.10 Introduction to Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 1.11 Introduction to Sustainable Development Goals 1.12 Introduction to FIP Development Goals.
ASPECTS / TYPES / COMPONENTS/DIMENSIONS OF HEALTH
1) Physical health
2) Mental health
3) Social health
4) Spiritual health
5) Other: emotional health, socioeconomic health, environmental health, educational health nutritional health.
- Physical health:
It is the perfect functioning of the body i.e. a state in which every cell and every organ is functioning at optimum capacity and in perfect harmony with the rest of body. The signs of physical health are:
1) Good complexion, clear skin, bright eyes
2) Lustrous hair with a body clothed with firm flesh, not too fat
3) Sweet breath, sound sleep
4) Smooth, easy, coordinated body movements
5) Good appetite, regular activity of bowel and bladder
6) All the organs of the body are of unexceptional size and function normally.
2. Mental health:
It is defined as a state of balance between the individual and surrounding world, a state of harmony between oneself and others, has self-esteem, self-confidence, self-control and has respect for others.
A mentally healthy person is free from internal conflicts; he is not at ‘war’ with himself.
He gets along well with others. He accepts criticism and is not easily upset.
He knows himself i.e. his needs, problems and goals.
He is able to cope up with anxiety and stress, and so he is able to face the problems and solve them intelligently.
Types of mental illness:
- Schizophrenia (abnormal social behavior and failure to recognize what is real)
- Paronia: ( it is a severe mental disorder wit extreme suspicions and the patient lives in the world of delusion i.e. a false belief or opinion)
- Manic depressive psychosis: (it is characterized by periods of elevaye mood and periods of depression)
- Neurosis (personality disorder characterized by anxiety, unwanted fear, compulsions and obsession.)
- Personality disorders: group of conditions characterized by an inability to get along with each other and learn from new experiences.
Factors leading to mental ill-health:
- Heredity ( certain diseases running in families such as schizophrenia)
- Physical health( sickness)
- Social factors (worries, anxiety, emotional stress etc.)
- Habits ( use of alcohol or narcotics)
- Certain reasons such as insomnia, depression, disturbed state of mind.
3. Social health:
It implies harmony and integration within the individual, between each individual and other members of society and between individuals and the world in which they live.
Factors affecting social health are:
Economic tension, poverty, illiteracy, unemployment and adverse social relations etc.
4. Spiritual health:
It plays a role in health and disease. It refers to that part of the individual which reaches out
and strives for meaning and purpose in life. It is concerned with spirit or soul and is that
health which evokes the good spirit and right things and keep away from bad activities.
Two practices associated with spiritual health are prayer and meditation.
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