Pharmacy Act 1948 PCI, Registration of Pharmacist, Penalties

Pharmacy Act 1948

Pharmacy Act 1948 Notes

Objectives or legislative intent of the Pharmacy Act 1948

The objective of the Pharmacy Act 1948 is to regulate the profession of pharmacy. It is used to control Pharmacy education, training, and practice of the Pharmacy profession in India

Pharmacy Council of India Constitution and Composition

Elected / Nominated members:

  1. Six members, among whom there shall be at least one teacher of each of the subjects, pharmaceutical chemistry, pharmacy, pharmacology and pharmacognosy elected from among persons on the teaching staff of an Indian University or a college affiliated thereto which grants a degree or diploma in pharmacy
  2. Six members, of whom at least four shall be persons possessing a degree or diploma in, and practising pharmacy or pharmaceutical chemistry, nominated by the Central Government
  3. One member elected from amongst themselves by the members of the Medical Council of India
  4. A representative of the University Grants Commission UGC
  5. A representative of the All India Council for Technical Education AICTE
  6. one member to represent each State elected by the members of each State Council, who shall be a registered pharmacist
  7. one member to represent each State nominated by the members of each State Council, who shall be a registered pharmacist

Ex-officio members:

  1. Director General, Health Services
  2. Drugs Controller, India
  3. Director of the Central Drugs Laboratory

Pharmacy Council of India Functions:

1) To prescribe the minimum standard of education required for qualification as a pharmacist.

2) To regulate the minimum educational standards. ( For this purpose, the council appoints Inspectors to inspect the institutions the minimum standards in education in pharmacy and report on facilities available and decides whether the institute should be recognized or not)

3) To recognize qualifications granted outside the territories to which Pharmacy Act, 1948 extends i.e. the approval of foreign qualification.

4) To compile and maintain the Central register for Pharmacists containing the names of all persons for the time being entered in the state register.

5) Any other function that may be assigned to the Central Council with respect to the objectives of the Pharmacy Act 1948

Education Regulations

Education Regulations 1991

Education Regulations (Amendment) 1994

Education Regulations (Amendment) 1996

Education Regulations (Amendment) 2014

Education Regulations 2020

Pharm D Regulations 2008

Pharm D Regulations (Amendment) 2014

Pharm D Regulations (Amendment) 2019

Constitution and Composition of State Councils

Elected / Nominated members

  1. Six members, elected from amongst themselves by registered pharmacists of the State
  2. five members, of whom at least three shall be persons possessing a prescribed degree or diploma in pharmacy or pharmaceutical chemistry or registered pharmacists, nominated by the State Government
  3. one member elected from amongst themselves by the members of each Medical Council or the Council of Medical Registration of the State

Ex-officio members

  1. Chief administrative medical officer of the State
  2. Officer-in-charge of drugs control organization of the State under the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940
  3. Government Analyst under the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940

Inter-State agreements

Two or more State Government may enter into an agreement to be in force for such period and to be subject to renewal for such further periods, if any, as may be specified in the agreement, to provide

 (a) for the constitution of a Joint State Council for all the participating States, or

(b) that the State Council of one State shall serve the needs of the other participating States.

In addition to such matters as are in this Act specified, an agreement under this section may

(a) provide for the apportionment between the participating State of the expenditure in connection with the State Council or Joint State Council;

(b) determine which of the participating State Governments shall exercise the several functions of the State Government under this Act, and the references in this Act to the State Government shall be construed accordingly;

(c)    provide for consultation between the participating State Governments either generally or with reference to particular matters arising under this Act;

(d)    make such incidental and ancillary provisions, not inconsistent with this Act, as may be deemed necessary or expedient for giving effect to the agreement.

Composition of Joint State Councils

Pharmacy Act 1948 Question and answers

What are the objectives or legislative intent of the Pharmacy Act 1948?

The objective of the Pharmacy Act 1948 is to regulate the profession of pharmacy. It is used to control Pharmacy education, training, and practice of the Pharmacy profession in India

What is the composition of the PCI Pharmacy Council of India?


Elected / Nominated members:
Six members, among whom there shall be at least one teacher of each of the subjects, pharmaceutical chemistry, pharmacy, pharmacology and pharmacognosy elected from among persons on the teaching staff of an Indian University or a college affiliated thereto which grants a degree or diploma in pharmacy
Six members, of whom at least four shall be persons possessing a degree or diploma in, and practicing pharmacy or pharmaceutical chemistry, nominated by the Central Government
One member elected from amongst themselves by the members of the Medical Council of India
A representative of the University Grants Commission UGC
A representative of the All India Council for Technical Education AICTE
One member to represent each State elected by the members of each State Council, who shall be a registered pharmacist
One member to represent each State nominated by the members of each State Council, who shall be a registered pharmacist

Ex-officio members:
Director-General, Health Services
Drugs Controller, India
Director of the Central Drugs Laboratory

What are the functions of the PCI Pharmacy Council of India

1) To prescribe the minimum standard of education required for qualification as a pharmacist.
2) To regulate the minimum educational standards. ( For this purpose, the council appoints Inspectors to inspect the institutions the minimum standards in education in pharmacy and report on facilities available and decides whether the institute should be recognized or not)
3) To recognize qualifications granted outside the territories to which Pharmacy Act, 1948 extends i.e. the approval of foreign qualification.
4) To compile and maintain the Central register for Pharmacists containing the names of all persons for the time being entered in the state register.
5) Any other function that may be assigned to the Central Council with respect to the objectives of the Pharmacy Act 1948

What is the procedure for the preparation of the First Register under the Pharmacy Act?

a) A person who has attained the age of 18 years shall, on payment of the prescribed fee, be entitled to have his name entered in the first register if he resides, or carries on the business or profession of pharmacy in the State and if he
(i) holds a degree or diploma in pharmacy or pharmaceutical chemistry or a chemist and druggist diploma of an Indian university or a State Government, as the case may be, or a prescribed qualification granted by an authority outside India; or
(ii) holds a degree of an Indian university other than a degree or diploma in pharmacy or pharmaceutical chemistry, and has been engaged in the compounding of drugs in a hospital or dispensary or other places in which drugs are regularly dispensed on prescriptions of medical practitioners, for a total period of not less than three years; or
(iii) has passed an examination recognized as adequate by the State Government for compounders or dispensers; or
(iv) has been engaged in the compounding of drugs in a hospital or dispensary or other places in which drugs are regularly dispensed on prescriptions of medical practitioners, for a total period of not less than five years prior or to the date notified by the State Government for receipt of applications for entry of names on the first register to the Registration Tribunal

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Also read:

Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 and its rules 1945