February 22, 2024

WHO Programme for International Drug Monitoring WHOPIDM

WHO Programme for International Drug Monitoring WHOPIDM

Pharmacovigilance (PV) is defined as the science and activities relating to the detection, assessment, understanding and prevention of adverse effects or any other drug-related problem.

The aims of PV are to enhance patient care and patient safety in relation to the use of medicinal products; and to support public health programmes by providing reliable, balanced information to assess the risk-benefit profile of medicines.

In 1968, during the 16th World Assembly the 16.36 resolution called for “a systematic collection of information on serious adverse drug reactions during the development and particularly after medicines have been made available for public use”. This led to the formation of the WHO Programme for International Drug Monitoring (PIDM).

WHO promotes PV at country level. Initially the WHO PIDM members consisted of 10 countries. As of March 2022, 151 members have joined the WHO PIDM, and in addition 21 associate members are awaiting full membership. 

WHO PIDM Members submit reports of adverse reactions associated with medicinal products, known as Individual Case Safety Reports (ICSRs) to the WHO global database, VigiBaseVigiBase is managed and maintained by the WHO Collaborating Centre for International Drug Monitoring, known as Uppsala Monitoring Centre. In October 2021, there were over 28 million reports of adverse reactions in VigiBase. Data in VigiBase are recorded in a structured and comprehensive way to allow the detection of potential medicinal safety hazards.

In April 2015, WHO launched VigiAccess. VigiAccess is a new web application that will allow anyone to access information and encourage the reporting of adverse effects from medicinal products.


Full member countries (152)

Afghanistan (2016) Albania (2020) Algeria (2021) Andorra (2008) Angola (2013)  Argentina (1994) Armenia (2001)  Australia (1968) Austria (1991) Azerbaijan (2018)
Bangladesh (2014) Barbados (2008) Belarus (2006) Belgium (1977) Benin (2011) Bhutan (2014) Bolivia Plurinational State of) (2013)Bosnia and Herzegovina (2019)Botswana (2009)  Brazil (2001) 
Brunei Darussalam (2005)  Bulgaria (1975) Burkina Faso (2010) Burundi (2022)

Cabo Verde (2012) Cambodia (2012) Cameroon (2010)  Canada (1968) Central African Republic (2022) Chad (2018) Chile (1996) China (1998) Colombia (2004) Congo (2021) Costa Rica (1991) Côte d’Ivoire (2010) Croatia (1992) Cuba (1994) Cyprus (2000) Czechia (1992) 

Democratic Republic of the Congo (2010) Denmark (1971) Dominican Republic (2020) 

Ecuador (2017) Egypt (2001) El Salvador (2017) Eritrea (2012)  Estonia (1998) Eswatini (2015) Ethiopia (2008) 

Fiji (1999) Finland (1974) France (1986)

Guinea-Bissau (2022)

Honduras (2020) Hungary (1990)

Iceland (1990) India (1998) Indonesia (1990) Iran (Islamic Republic of) (1998) Iraq (2010) Ireland (1968) Israel (1973) Italy (1975)

Jamaica (2012) Japan (1972) Jordan (2002)

Kazakhstan (2008) Kenya (2010) Kuwait (2021) Kyrgyzstan (2003)

Lao People’s Democratic Republic (2015) Latvia (2002) Lebanon (2021) Liberia (2013) Libya (2021) Lithuania (2005) Luxembourg (2020) 

Madagascar (2009)  Malawi (2019) Malaysia (1990) Maldives (2016) Mali (2011) Malta (2004) Mauritius (2014)  Mexico (1999)  Mongolia (2021) Montenegro (2009)  Morocco (1992)  Mozambique (2005)

Namibia (2008)   Nepal (2006) Netherlands (1968) New Zealand (1968) Nicaragua (2020) Niger (2012)
Nigeria (2004) North Macedonia (2000) Norway (1971)

Oman (1995)

Pakistan (2018) Panama (2016) Papua New Guinea (2018) Paraguay (2018) Peru (2002)  Philippines (1995) 
Poland (1972)  Portugal (1993)

Republic of Korea (1992) Republic of Moldova (2003) Romania (1976)  Russian Federation (1998) Rwanda (2013)

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (2020) Saudi Arabia (2009)  Senegal (2009)   Serbia (2000)  Sierra Leone (2008) Singapore (1993)  Slovakia (1993) Slovenia (2010)  South Africa (1992) Spain (1984) Sri Lanka (2000) Sudan (2008) Suriname (2007) Sweden (1968) Switzerland (1991) Syrian Arab Republic (2018)

Thailand (1984) Togo (2007) Tunisia (1993) Turkey (1987)
Uganda (2007) Ukraine (2002) United Arab Emirates (2013) United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (1968) United Republic of Tanzania (1993) United States of America (1968) Uruguay (2001) 
Uzbekistan (2006)
 
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) (1995) Viet Nam (1999)

Zambia (2010)  Zimbabwe (1998)

Associate members (20)

WHO member states

Antigua and Barbuda Bahamas Bahrain Belize  Dominica Grenada Guyana Haiti Myanmar  Qatar Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia  South SudanTajikistan Timor-Leste Yemen

Territories /Areas

Anguilla British Virgin Islands Montserrat Zanzibar


Reference: https://www.who.int


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