Recording of body temperature: Human Anatomy Physiology Practical
To demonstrate recording of body temperature. Requirement Clinical thermometer.
Body temperature is the degree of sensible heat or cold which represents the balance between production and loss of heat by the body Normal body temperature. The physical properties of water in blood help to maintain body temperature. Typically, the body temperature in adult humans is 37°C (Celsius) or 98.4°F (Fahrenheit) when measured orally. This temperature corresponds to the temperature of vital organs of the body and is also called as ‘core or inner temperature. The temperature on the skin of the body is called surface temperature. The constant core temperature of the body enables it to carry on various physiological processes required for normal functioning.
Physiological measurement of temperature is one of the first tests observed in a person if he/she is not feeling well. This is done by using a clinical thermometer. The body temperature is commonly recorded on three body locations i.e. mouth, rectum and armpit.
When the person cannot hold the thermometer in the mouth, then armpit or rectal temperature is Mercury tube recorded. In general, armpit temperature also called the axillary temperature is 1°F less than the oral temperature which in turn is 0.5°F to 1°F less than rectal temperature. An elevation in body temperature (99 to 105°F) or (37.2 to 40.5°C)] is called fever at pyrexia which is usually due to bacterial, viral or other microbial infections.
Set the lowest reading in the thermometer by firmly holding the end opposite the mercury bulb and shaking it downwards carefully until it reads 95°F or less.
(a) Recording of Mouth Temperature:
- Ask the subject to place the thermometer under the tongue, and close the mouth Instruct the subject to use the lips and not teeth to hold the thermometer tightly in Place.
- During this subject shall be instructed to breathe through the nose.
- After 2 minutes carefully take out the thermometer and record the temperature.
- Take three readings at the interval of 5 minutes and calculate the mean body
(b) Recording of Arm Pit Temperature:
- Ask the subject to place the thermometer in the armpit with the arm placed against the body
- After 5 minutes take it out and note the temperature.
- Take three readings at the interval of 5 minutes and calculate the mean body temperature
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The mean body temperature recorded was —–
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