November 28, 2023

Pronunciation (Vowel Sounds)

Pronunciation (Vowel Sounds)

To study and learn pronunciation (vowel sounds).


In the English language there are five sounds i.e. a, e, I, o, u these vowels sounds are made with an open mouth unlocked by teeth, tongue or lips. The most common sounds of vowels are

Short vowel sounds
Long vowel sounds
Other vowel sounds

Short vowel sounds

Short sounds of a vowel is recognized by cup shaped curve over the vowel.
a – sounds like the a in bat
e- Sounds like the e in set
i – Sounds like the i in hit
o- Sounds like the o in dot
u- Sounds like the u in cut

Now the students have to do practice with these short vowel sounds as below:
Put an x hesider words that do not have the short vowel sounds.
Crack – a
Pain – a
Stay – x
Tap – a
Face – a
Here – e


When a word has only one vowel and that vowel is followed by one or more consonants, the vowel is usually short.
Example: cat, rat, get, set.

New, complete the sentence below by filling the word that contains a short vowel sound.

  1. Even a person with a great personality can make up in a bad mood.
  2. When you are driving, the last thing you want is for the engine to stop
  3. It is not healthy to eat too much meat
  4. Margarine and oil contain the same amount of fat
  5. Gambling has been legal for a long time in the state of Maine

Long vowels sounds

The symbol for long vowel sound is a straight line over the letter. When long vowels pronounced each vowel sound like the letters name
a- Sound like the a in say
e- Sound like the e in see
i- Sound like the i in nil
o- Sound like the o toe
u- Sound like the u in fuse

The long vowels sound as below
Put an x besides word do not have long vowel sound
Rake –a , Stock-x , Sad-a ,Free-e . Die-I , Lock-o


When a word ends in a vowel consonants of the vowel before the consonant is long and the final e is silent.
Example: hate, cute, robe etc

Now complete the sentence below the word which follow silent e rule

  1. The forest fire burned many oak and maple tree.
  2. When we first meet someone, we decide whether he or she is a person we can enjoy.
  3. Is climbing a tall mountain a brave adventure or foolish one.
  4. Is dangerous to fall asleep on tap of an electric blanket.

Other vowel sounds

The vowel x

When a word starts with y it is considered as a consonant otherwise y is a vowel and has one of the following three vowel sounds.

  1. In the middle of a word, y usually sounds like short eg myth,gum
  2. If y is at the end of a one – syllable word
  3. At the end of a word with more than syllable word y sounds like long I as in
    july, reply, deny.
    Marry –i
    By – i
    Sadly – i

Sounds of vowels followed by r:

When r follows a vowel it changes the sound of the vowel. A vowel that comes just before r is usually neither long or short but in between for eg notice how the sound of the vowel and shape of your mouth change a bit when the vowel is followed by r.


Identify the following boldfaced vowel with one of the following:

  1. Symbol for long vowel sound (-)
  2. Symbol for short vowel sound (v)
  3. An r if the vowel sound is changed by an r gas v , run v , saim – , term –

Long and short oo

When two oo appears together they are pronounced in one of two ways, one is called as long double o sound, as in Boot, Room, and Food. Other is called short
double o sound, as in stood, good, look.


Fill the spall provided with long double oo sound and short double oo sound
Choose – long
Brook– long
Proof – short
Gook – short

Thus we can study and learn pronunciation (vowel sounds).

First Year B Pharm Notes, Syllabus, Books, PDF Subjectwise/Topicwise

F Y B Pharm Sem-IS Y B Pharm Sem-II
BP101T Human Anatomy and Physiology I TheoryBP201T Human Anatomy and Physiology II – Theory
BP102T Pharmaceutical Analysis I TheoryBP202T Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry I Theory
BP103T Pharmaceutics I TheoryBP203T Biochemistry – Theory
BP104T Pharmaceutical Inorganic Chemistry TheoryBP204T Pathophysiology – Theory
BP105T Communication skills TheoryBP205T Computer Applications in Pharmacy Theory
BP106RBT Remedial BiologyBP206T Environmental sciences – Theory
BP106RMT Remedial Mathematics TheoryBP207P Human Anatomy and Physiology II Practical
BP107P Human Anatomy and Physiology PracticalBP208P Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry I Practical
BP108P Pharmaceutical Analysis I PracticalBP209P Biochemistry Practical
BP109P Pharmaceutics I PracticalBP210P Computer Applications in Pharmacy Practical
BP110P Pharmaceutical Inorganic Chemistry Practical
BP111P Communication skills Practical
BP112RBP Remedial Biology Practical

Suggested readings: