July 19, 2024

Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes: Introduction and Difference

Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes: Introduction and Difference

Prokaryotic CellEukaryotic cell
Size is 0.1- 5.0 umSize is 5-100 um
Nucleus is absentNucleus is present
Membrane-bound nucleus absent.Membrane-bound Nucleus is present.
One chromosome is presentMore than one number of chromosomes is present.
Lysosomes and Peroxisomes absentLysosomes and Peroxisomes present
Microtubules absentMicrotubules present
Endoplasmic reticulum absentEndoplasmic reticulum present
Mitochondria absentMitochondria present
Cytoskeleton absentCytoskeleton present
Ribosomes smallerRibosomes larger
Vesicles presentVesicles present
Golgi apparatus absentGolgi apparatus present
Chloroplasts  absent;  chlorophyll  scattered in the cytoplasmChloroplasts present in plants
Vacuoles absentVacuoles absent
Permeability of Nuclear  membrane is  not presentPermeability of Nuclear membrane is selective
Sexual reproduction is absentSexual reproduction is present
Endocytosis and exocytosis are absent.Endocytosis and exocytosis occurred
It may have pili and fimbriae.Pili and fimbriae are absent
Transcription occurs in the cytoplasmTranscription occurs inside the nucleus.
Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes: Introduction and Difference

Microbiology MCQ with answers:

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S Y B Pharm Sem IIIS Y B Pharm Sem IV
BP301T Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry II TheoryBP401T Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry III Theory
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