Pharmacy Practice Regulations 2015
Objectives of Pharmacy Practice Regulations
Professions exist to serve society. The mission of the pharmacy profession is to render service to humanity with full respect for the dignity of profession and man, besides addressing the needs of society and of individual patients. The public places great trust in the knowledge, skills and professional judgments of pharmacists. This trust requires the pharmacists to ensure and maintain throughout their career high standards of personal and professional conduct, up-to-date knowledge and professional competence relevant to their domain of practice. The registered pharmacist should merit the confidence of patients entrusted to their care, rendering to each a full measure of service and devotion. For which the registered pharmacist should try continuously to improve his knowledge and skills and should make available to their patients and colleagues the benefits of their professional attainments.
The registered pharmacist should practice methods of practice founded on a scientific basis and should not associate professionally with anyone who violates this principle. The honoured ideals of the pharmacy profession imply that the responsibilities of the registered pharmacist extend not only to individuals but also to society
Primary reasons to regulate the pharmacy profession are:
- To improve quality of health care
- To ensure that Pharmacists maintain high standards in their duty
- To reduce cost of health care
- To inhibit criminal abuse of medicines
It is also a call for laying down the activities which may be construed as misconduct and provision for taking disciplinary action.
Practice of Pharmacy means
i. Interpretation, evaluation and implementation of medical orders; dispensing of prescriptions, and drug orders ;
ii. Participation in drug and device selection, drug administration, drug regimen reviews and drug or drug-related research,
iii. Provisions of patient counselling and the provision of those acts or services necessary to provide pharmaceutical care in all areas of patient care including primary care; and
iv. responsibility for Compounding and labelling of drugs and devices (except labelling by a manufacturer, repacker or distributor of non-prescription drugs and commercially packaged legend drugs and devices) proper and safe storage of drugs and devices and maintenance of proper records for them.
“Compounding” means the preparation, mixing, assembling, packing or labelling of a drug or device
(i) as the result of a practitioner’s prescription drug order (or) initiative based on the practitioner /patient /pharmacist relationship in the course of professional practice, or
(ii) for the purpose of, or as an incident to research, manufacturing, teaching, clinical trial or chemical analysis including drug analysis and not for sale or dispensing.
“Dispensing” means the interpretation, evaluation, supply and implementation of a prescription, or drug order, including the preparation and delivery of a drug or device to a patient or patient’s agent in a suitable container appropriately labelled for subsequent administration to, or use by, a patient.
“Patient counselling” means the oral communication by the pharmacist of information to the patient or caregiver, in order to ensure proper use of drugs and devices.
“Pharmaceutical care” means the provision of drug therapy and other patient care services intended to achieve outcomes related to the care or prevention of a disease, elimination or reduction of a patient’s symptoms, or arresting or slowing of a disease process, as defined by the Pharmacy Council of India
“Pharmacy Practitioner” means an individual (Community Pharmacist/ Hospital Pharmacist/ Clinical Pharmacist/ Drug Information Pharmacist) currently licensed, registered or otherwise authorized under the Act to counsel or otherwise and administer drugs in the course of professional practice.
“Registered Pharmacist” means a person whose name is for the time being entered in the register of the State in which he is for the time being residing or carrying on his profession or business of pharmacy under the Pharmacy Act, 1948.
“Prescription” means a written or electronic direction from a Registered Medical Practitioner or other properly licensed practitioners such as a Dentist, Veterinarian, etc. to a Pharmacist to compound and dispense a specific type and quantity of preparation or prefabricated drug to a patient
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