February 22, 2024

Determination of particle size, and particle size distribution using the sieving method

Determination of particle size, and particle size distribution using the sieving method

BP407P Physical Pharmaceutics II Practical

AIM:

To determine the average particle size and find out their distribution pattern for the given granules by sieve analysis method.

PRINCIPLE:

Sieve method gives sieve diameter, sieve diameter is defined as the diameter of the sphere that possess through the sieve aperture as the asymmetric particle sieve method directly give weight distribution. Particles having size range from 50 and 1500µm are estimated by sieving method. In this method, the size is expressed as dsieve. The sieving method finds application in dosage and development of tablets and capsules. Normally 15 percent of fine powder (passed through mesh 100) should be present in granulated material to get a proper flow of material and achieve good compaction in tableting. Therefore, percent of coarse and fine can be quickly estimated. Sieves for pharmaceutical testing are constructed from wire cloth with square meshes, woven from wire of brass, bronze, stainless steel or any other suitable material

Advantages of sieving method

  1. It is in expensive, sample and rapid with reproducible results.
  2. Sieving method is useful when particles are having size range between 50 and 1500µ m.

Disadvantages of sieving method

  1. Lower limit of the particle size is 50 µ m.
  2. If the powder is not dry, apertures become clogged with particles leading to improper sieving.
  3. During shaking, attrition occurs causing size reduction of particles. This leads to errors in estimation.

Factors influencing the sieving method

Factors influencing sieving are weight of sample, duration of shaking and type of motion. The types of motion influencing sieving are vibratory motion, (most efficient), side tap motion, bottom pat motion, rotary motion with tap and rotary motion. The type of motion standardized. Care should be taken in order to get reproducible results.

PROCEDURE:

  1. Standard sieves set is selected (sieve no: 10, 22, 36, 44, 65, 80, 100,120) arrange them in such manner that the coarsest remains at the top and finest at the bottom.
  2. Weigh approximately 50g of sample place the sample on the coarsest sieve no.10.
  3. Fix the above sieves set on hand sieve shaker and shaken for 20 minutes.
  4. Collect the Sample retained on each sieve into a paper, weigh all the ample.
  5. Report the weights retained on each sieve in the table against corresponding sieve number.

REPORT:

The average diameter of the given granules was found to be 493.47µm.


Physical Pharmaceutics II Practical

  1. Determination of particle size, and particle size distribution using the sieving method
  2. Determination of particle size, and particle size distribution using the Microscopic method
  3. Determination of bulk density, true density and porosity
  4. Determine the angle of repose and the influence of lubricant on the angle of repose
  5. Determination of viscosity of liquid using Ostwald’s viscometer
  6. Determination of sedimentation volume with the effect of different suspending agent
  7. Determination of sedimentation volume with the effect of different concentrations of single suspending agent
  8. Determination of viscosity of semisolid by using Brookfield viscometer
  9. Determination of reaction rate constant first order.
  10. Determination of reaction rate constant second order
  11. Accelerated stability studies

Second Year B Pharm Notes, Syllabus, Books, PDF Subjectwise/Topicwise

S Y B Pharm Sem IIIS Y B Pharm Sem IV
BP301T Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry II TheoryBP401T Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry III Theory
BP302T Physical Pharmaceutics I TheoryBP402T Medicinal Chemistry I Theory
BP303T Pharmaceutical Microbiology TheoBP403T Physical Pharmaceutics II Theory
BP304T Pharmaceutical Engineering TheoryBP404T Pharmacology I Theory
BP305P Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry II PracticalBP405T Pharmacognosy I Theory
BP306P Physical Pharmaceutics I PracticalBP406P Medicinal Chemistry I Practical
BP307P Pharmaceutical Microbiology PracticalBP407P Physical Pharmaceutics II Practical
BP308P Pharmaceutical Engineering PracticalBP408P Pharmacology I Practical
BP409P Pharmacognosy I Practical

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