July 20, 2024

Multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies: EVS Notes, MCQ, PDF

Multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies: EVS Notes, MCQ, PDF

EVS Notes Unit I Multidisciplinary nature, Natural Resources, Forest resources, Water resources, Mineral resources, Food resources, Energy resources, Land resources, Role of an individual Unit II Introduction structure-function, Forest eco-system; Grassland ecosystem; Desert ecosystem; Aquatic ecosystems Unit III Air pollution, Water pollution, Soil pollution


The environment is derived from the French word Environ, which means encircle or surround.
The environment is a complex of many variables, which surrounds man as well as the living organisms.
Environmental studies describe the interrelationships among organisms, the environment and all the factors, which influence life on earth, including atmospheric conditions, food chains, the water cycle, etc.
It is a basic science about our earth and its daily activities, and therefore, this science is important for one and all.

SCOPE OF ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES

The environmental studies discipline has multiple and multilevel scopes. This study is important and necessary not only for children but also for everyone.

The scopes are summarized as follows:

  1. The study creates awareness among the people to know about various renewable and nonrenewable resources in the region. The endowment or potential, patterns of utilization and the balance of various resources available for future use in the state of a country are analysed in the study.
  2. It provides knowledge about ecological systems and causes and effect relationships.
  3. It provides necessary information about biodiversity richness and the potential dangers to the species of plants, animals and microorganisms in the environment.
  4. The study enables one to understand the causes and consequences due to natural and main induced disasters (flood, earthquake, landslide, cyclones etc.,) and pollution and measures to minimize the effects.
  5. It enables one to evaluate alternative responses to environmental issues before deciding on an alternative course of action.
  6. The study enables environmentally literate citizens (by knowing the environmental acts, rights, rules, legislations, etc.) to make appropriate judgments and decisions for the protection and improvement of the earth.
  7. The study exposes the problems of overpopulation, health, hygiene, etc. and the role of arts, science and technology in eliminating/ minimizing the evils of society.
  8. The study tries to identify and develop appropriate and indigenous eco-friendly skills and technologies for various environmental issues.
  9. It teaches the citizens the need for sustainable utilization of resources as these resources are inherited from our ancestors to the younger generation without deteriorating their quality.
  10. The study enables theoretical knowledge into practice and the multiple uses of the environment

Multiple disciplines

Environmental studies deal with every issue that affects an organism. It is essentially a
a multidisciplinary approach that brings about an appreciation of our natural world and human
impacts on its integrity. It is an applied science as it seeks practical answers to making human
civilization sustainable on the earth’s finite resources. Its components include

  1. Biology
  2. Geology
  3. Chemistry
  4. Physics
  5. Engineering
  6. Sociology
  7. Health
  8. Anthropology
  9. Economics
  10. Statistics
  11. Philosophy

IMPORTANCE OF ENVIRONMENTAL STUDY

Environmental study is based upon a comprehensive view of various environmental systems. It aims to make the citizens competent to do scientific work and to find out practical solutions to current environmental problems. The citizens acquire the ability to analyse the environmental parameters like the aquatic, terrestrial and atmospheric systems and their interactions with the biosphere and anthroposphere.

IMPORTANCE
• World population is increasing at an alarming rate, especially in developing countries.
• The natural resources endowment in the earth is limited.
• The methods and techniques of exploiting natural resources are advanced.
• The resources are over-exploited and there is no foresight of leaving the resources to future generations.
• The unplanned exploitation of natural resources leads to pollution of all types and at all levels.
• The pollution and the degraded environment seriously affect the health of all living things on earth, including man.
• The people should take a combined responsibility for the deteriorating environment and begin to take appropriate actions to space the earth.
• Education and training are needed to save biodiversity and species extinction.
• The urban area, coupled with industries, is a major source of pollution.
• The number and area extinct under protected areas should be increased so that the wildlife is protected at least in these sites.
• The study enables the people to understand the complexities of the environment and the need for the people to adopt appropriate activities and pursue sustainable development, which is harmonious with the environment.
• The study motivates students to get involved in community activities and to participate in various environmental and management projects.
• It is high time to reorient educational systems and curricula towards these needs.
• Environmental studies take a multidisciplinary approach to the study of human interactions with the natural environment. It integrates different approaches of the humanities, social sciences, biological sciences and physical sciences and applies these approaches to investigate environmental concerns.
• Environmental study is a key instrument for bringing about the changes in the knowledge, values, behaviours and lifestyles required to achieve sustainability and stability within and among countries.

Describe the multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies

Environmental studies is a multidisciplinary field that integrates various disciplines and approaches to understand and address environmental issues. It recognizes that environmental problems are complex and require a comprehensive understanding that extends beyond a single discipline. The multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies allows for a holistic and interdisciplinary perspective on environmental challenges and their solutions.
Here are some key disciplines and fields that contribute to the multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies:
Environmental Science: Environmental science forms the foundation of environmental studies. It encompasses the study of the physical, chemical, and biological components of the environment, including ecosystems, natural resources, pollution, and climate change.
Ecology: Ecology focuses on the relationships between organisms and their environment. It helps in understanding the interconnections and interdependencies among living organisms, their habitats, and the natural processes that sustain them.
Environmental Policy and Law: Environmental studies incorporates the study of policies and laws related to environmental protection and management. This field examines the legal frameworks, regulations, and governance structures that guide environmental decision-making and conservation efforts.
Environmental Economics: Environmental economics analyzes the economic aspects of environmental issues. It examines how economic systems impact the environment, evaluates the costs and benefits of environmental policies, and explores sustainable development strategies.
Social Sciences: Social sciences, including sociology, anthropology, and geography, contribute to environmental studies by investigating the social and cultural aspects of environmental problems. They explore how human behavior, values, and institutions shape environmental attitudes and actions.
Engineering and Technology: Environmental studies often incorporate engineering and technology disciplines to develop innovative solutions for environmental challenges. This can involve areas such as renewable energy, waste management, water treatment, and sustainable design.
Public Health: Environmental studies also considers the impacts of environmental factors on human health. This involves examining the relationships between environmental pollution, exposure to hazardous substances, and public health outcomes.
Conservation Biology: Conservation biology focuses on the preservation and management of biodiversity. It examines the ecological principles and strategies needed to protect species, ecosystems, and natural habitats.
Urban Planning: Urban planning plays a crucial role in environmental studies by considering the design and development of sustainable cities and communities. It involves land use planning, transportation systems, and the integration of green spaces.
These are just a few examples of the diverse disciplines that contribute to the multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies. By integrating knowledge and perspectives from various fields, environmental studies aims to develop sustainable and holistic solutions to complex environmental challenges.


First Year B Pharm Notes, Syllabus, Books, PDF Subjectwise/Topicwise

F Y B Pharm Sem-IF Y B Pharm Sem-II
BP101T Human Anatomy and Physiology I TheoryBP201T Human Anatomy and Physiology II – Theory
BP102T Pharmaceutical Analysis I TheoryBP202T Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry I Theory
BP103T Pharmaceutics I TheoryBP203T Biochemistry – Theory
BP104T Pharmaceutical Inorganic Chemistry TheoryBP204T Pathophysiology – Theory
BP105T Communication skills TheoryBP205T Computer Applications in Pharmacy Theory
BP106RBT Remedial BiologyBP206T Environmental sciences – Theory
BP106RMT Remedial Mathematics TheoryBP207P Human Anatomy and Physiology II Practical
BP107P Human Anatomy and Physiology PracticalBP208P Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry I Practical
BP108P Pharmaceutical Analysis I PracticalBP209P Biochemistry Practical
BP109P Pharmaceutics I PracticalBP210P Computer Applications in Pharmacy Practical
BP110P Pharmaceutical Inorganic Chemistry Practical
BP111P Communication skills Practical
BP112RBP Remedial Biology Practical

Suggested readings

Recommended readings:


  • Regenerative Medicine: Rejuvenating the Body’s Natural Healing Potential

  • A Legacy of Loss: The Contaminated Blood Scandal and Haemophilia

  • Percutaneous Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR): A Minimally Invasive Option for Heart Valve Disease