May 30, 2024



Formulating a mouthwash requires consideration of several key principles, including:

  1. Active ingredients: The active ingredients in a mouthwash are the components that provide the intended therapeutic effect. Common active ingredients in mouthwashes include antimicrobial agents (such as chlorhexidine and essential oils), fluoride for strengthening teeth and preventing decay, and desensitizing agents for reducing sensitivity to hot, cold, and sweet stimuli.
  2. Solvents: Solvents are used to dissolve the active ingredients and help them penetrate the oral tissues. Common solvents used in mouthwash formulations include water, alcohol, and glycerin.
  3. Flavoring agents: Mouthwashes often contain flavoring agents to improve their taste and make them more pleasant to use. Common flavoring agents include mint, cinnamon, and eucalyptus.
  4. pH: The pH of a mouthwash can influence its effectiveness and safety. Mouthwashes with a pH between 5.5 and 7.0 are considered safe for oral use and are less likely to cause irritation or damage to the teeth and gums.
  5. Preservatives: Preservatives are added to mouthwashes to prevent the growth of bacteria, fungi, and other microorganisms that can cause spoilage or contamination. Common preservatives used in mouthwash formulations include sodium benzoate and methylparaben.
  6. Surfactants: Surfactants are used to improve the wetting and spreading properties of a mouthwash, helping it to penetrate the oral tissues more effectively. Common surfactants used in mouthwash formulations include polysorbate 20 and sodium lauryl sulfate.
  7. Viscosity modifiers: Viscosity modifiers are used to control the thickness and consistency of a mouthwash, making it easier to use and ensuring that it stays in contact with the oral tissues for an extended period. Common viscosity modifiers used in mouthwash formulations include xanthan gum and carrageenan.

Final Year B Pharm Notes, Syllabus, Books, PDF Subjectwise/Topicwise

Final Year B Pharm Sem VIIBP701T Instrumental Methods of Analysis Theory
BP702T Industrial Pharmacy TheoryBP703T Pharmacy Practice Theory
BP704T Novel Drug Delivery System TheoryBP705 P Instrumental Methods of Analysis Practical
Final Year B Pharm Sem VIIBP801T Biostatistics and Research Methodology Theory
BP802T Social and Preventive Pharmacy TheoryBP803ET Pharmaceutical Marketing Theory
BP804ET Pharmaceutical Regulatory Science TheoryBP805ET Pharmacovigilance Theory
BP806ET Quality Control and Standardization of Herbals TheoryBP807ET Computer-Aided Drug Design Theory
BP808ET Cell and Molecular Biology TheoryBP809ET Cosmetic Science Theory
BP810ET Experimental Pharmacology TheoryBP811ET Advanced Instrumentation Techniques Theory
BP812ET Dietary supplements and NutraceuticalsPharmaceutical Product Development

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