February 23, 2024

Disorders of joints

Disorders of joints

There are many different types of joint disorders that can affect humans. Some of the most common joint disorders include:

  1. Osteoarthritis: This is the most common form of arthritis, which is a condition in which the cartilage that cushions the joints begins to wear down over time, causing pain, stiffness, and inflammation in the affected joints.
  2. Rheumatoid arthritis: This is an autoimmune disorder in which the immune system attacks the joints, causing inflammation, pain, and swelling.
  3. Gout: This is a form of arthritis that occurs when uric acid crystals build up in the joints, causing pain and inflammation.
  4. Bursitis: This is a condition in which the fluid-filled sacs that cushion the joints, known as bursae, become inflamed, causing pain and stiffness in the affected joint.
  5. Tendinitis: This is a condition in which the tendons that attach muscles to bones become inflamed, causing pain and stiffness in the affected joint.
  6. Carpal tunnel syndrome: This is a condition in which the median nerve, which runs through the wrist, becomes compressed, causing pain, numbness, and tingling in the hand and fingers.
  7. Dislocation: This is a condition in which the bones in a joint become displaced, causing pain, swelling, and loss of mobility in the affected joint.
  8. Sprain: This is a condition in which the ligaments that connect the bones in a joint become stretched or torn, causing pain, swelling, and loss of mobility in the affected joint.
  9. Osteoporosis: This is a condition in which the bones become weak and brittle, increasing the risk of fractures and other joint-related injuries.

These joint disorders can be caused by a variety of factors, including age, injury, genetics, and lifestyle factors such as diet and exercise. Treatment options for joint disorders vary depending on the specific condition and its severity, but may include medications, physical therapy, lifestyle changes, and, in some cases, surgery.

First Year Pharm D Subjects Syllabus, Notes, PDF Books, MCQ

1.1Human Anatomy and Physiology
1.2Pharmaceutics
1.3Medicinal  Biochemistry
1.4Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry
1.5Pharmaceutical Inorganic Chemistry
1.6Remedial Mathematics/ Biology

Suggested readings: