July 24, 2024

Viral Hepatitis symptoms, Prevention, Control Social Pharmacy Notes

Viral Hepatitis symptoms, Prevention, Control Social Pharmacy Notes

Causative agent:

It is also known as infectious hepatitis. Hepatitis A is caused by the hepatitis A virus and Hepatitis –B is caused by Hepatitis- B virus.

Mode of Transmission:

1. Fecal-oral route is the major route of transmission,

2. Contaminated food, water, milk.

3. Flies (bloodsucking arthropods) may also transmit the disease.

4. Homosexuality

5. Contaminated syringes and needles, during blood transfusion, tattooing especially in case of    


6. through placental transfer in case of hepatitis –B

7. HBV can also transmit through sexual contact or by kissing.


In 90% of cases there are no symptoms. About 8% show mild illness and 1-2% suffer

from major illness when the virus attacks CNS and produces varying degrees of


Fever, chills, headache, weakness and jaundice

Prevention & Control:

  1. Proper disposal of excreta and proper disinfection of fomites.
  2. Prevention of contamination of food and milk as well.
  3. Protection of water sources and supply of safe drinking water.
  4. Passive immunization with human normal immunoglobulin.
  5. Immunization with HBV vaccine. 
  6. (HBIg) Hepatitis –B Immunoglobulin should be given immediately to the persons who are exposed to Hepatitis –B virus.e.g. Doctors, nurses, attendants.
  7. Simultaneous administration of HBV and HBIg is considered superior.
  8. Anti –fly measures should be taken.
  9. Proper sterilization of needles and syringes.

F Y D Pharm & S Y D Pharm Notes, Books, Syllabus, PDF, Videos

First Year D PharmSecond Year D Pharm
ER20-11T Pharmaceutics TheoryER20-21T Pharmacology Theory
ER20-11P Pharmaceutics PracticalER20-21P Pharmacology Practical
ER20-12T Pharmaceutical Chemistry TheoryER20-22T Community Pharmacy & Management Theory
ER20-12P Pharmaceutical Chemistry PracticalER20-22P Community Pharmacy & Management Practical
ER20-13T Pharmacognosy TheoryER20-23T Biochemistry & Clinical Pathology Theory
ER20-13P Pharmacognosy PracticalER20-23P Biochemistry & Clinical Pathology Practical
ER20-14T Human Anatomy Physiology TheoryER20-24T Pharmacotherapeutics Theory
ER2014P Human Anatomy Physiology PracticalER20-24P Pharmacotherapeutics Practical
ER20-15T Social Pharmacy TheoryER20-25T Hospital & Clinical Pharmacy Theory
ER20-15P Social Pharmacy PracticalER20-25P Hospital & Clinical Pharmacy Practical
ER20-26T Pharmacy Law & Ethics

Suggested readings:

Manisha Yogesh Chaudhari is working as an Assistant Professor at Kokan Gyanpeeth’s Rahul Dharkar College of Pharmacy, Karjat, Maharashtra, India. She has worked with Pfizer and Flamingo Pharmaceuticals. She is actively involved in Books writing, Review, and research paper writing as well as actively involved in contributing towards academic literature