Viral Hepatitis symptoms, Prevention, Control Social Pharmacy Notes
It is also known as infectious hepatitis. Hepatitis A is caused by the hepatitis A virus and Hepatitis –B is caused by Hepatitis- B virus.
Mode of Transmission:
1. Fecal-oral route is the major route of transmission,
2. Contaminated food, water, milk.
3. Flies (bloodsucking arthropods) may also transmit the disease.
5. Contaminated syringes and needles, during blood transfusion, tattooing especially in case of
6. through placental transfer in case of hepatitis –B
7. HBV can also transmit through sexual contact or by kissing.
In 90% of cases there are no symptoms. About 8% show mild illness and 1-2% suffer
from major illness when the virus attacks CNS and produces varying degrees of
Fever, chills, headache, weakness and jaundice
Prevention & Control:
- Proper disposal of excreta and proper disinfection of fomites.
- Prevention of contamination of food and milk as well.
- Protection of water sources and supply of safe drinking water.
- Passive immunization with human normal immunoglobulin.
- Immunization with HBV vaccine.
- (HBIg) Hepatitis –B Immunoglobulin should be given immediately to the persons who are exposed to Hepatitis –B virus.e.g. Doctors, nurses, attendants.
- Simultaneous administration of HBV and HBIg is considered superior.
- Anti –fly measures should be taken.
- Proper sterilization of needles and syringes.
F Y D Pharm & S Y D Pharm Notes, Books, Syllabus, PDF, Videos
Manisha Yogesh Chaudhari is working as an Assistant Professor at Kokan Gyanpeeth’s Rahul Dharkar College of Pharmacy, Karjat, Maharashtra, India. She has worked with Pfizer and Flamingo Pharmaceuticals. She is actively involved in Books writing, Review, and research paper writing as well as actively involved in contributing towards academic literature