July 19, 2024

Hair growth cycle

Hair growth cycle

The hair growth cycle is the process by which hair grows and sheds on the human scalp. It is a complex and dynamic process that is regulated by a variety of hormones, genetic factors, and environmental influences.

The hair growth cycle can be divided into three main stages:

  1. Anagen: This is the active growth phase, during which the hair follicle produces new hair cells and the hair shaft lengthens. This phase can last anywhere from two to seven years, and the length of the anagen phase is largely determined by genetics.
  2. Catagen: This is the transitional phase, during which the hair follicle shrinks and detaches from the blood supply. This phase lasts for about two to three weeks.
  3. Telogen: This is the resting phase, during which the hair follicle does not produce new hair cells and the old hair shaft remains in place. This phase lasts for about two to three months.

At the end of the telogen phase, the hair follicle re-enters the anagen phase and begins producing new hair cells, while the old hair shaft is shed. This process continues throughout the life of the hair follicle, with hair going through cycles of growth, rest, and shedding.

It is important to note that not all hair follicles on the scalp are in the same stage of the hair growth cycle at the same time. Instead, individual follicles can be in different stages of the cycle at different times, which helps to ensure that there is a constant supply of new hair growth.

Anagen

Anagen is the active growth phase of the hair growth cycle. During the anagen phase, the hair follicle produces new hair cells, which add to the length of the hair shaft. This phase typically lasts for two to seven years, although the exact length of the anagen phase can vary depending on genetic factors and other environmental influences.

During the anagen phase, the hair follicle is supplied with a rich blood supply, which provides the necessary nutrients and oxygen to support hair growth. The hair follicle also produces melanin, the pigment that gives hair its color.

The length of the anagen phase is largely determined by genetics, with some people having a longer anagen phase than others. In general, people with a longer anagen phase are able to grow their hair longer than those with a shorter anagen phase.

It is important to note that the anagen phase is the most important phase of the hair growth cycle, as it is during this phase that the hair follicle is actively producing new hair cells and adding to the length of the hair shaft. By taking good care of your hair and promoting healthy hair growth, you can help to prolong the anagen phase and encourage healthy hair growth.

Catagen

Catagen is the transitional phase of the hair growth cycle. It follows the anagen (active growth) phase and lasts for about two to three weeks. During the catagen phase, the hair follicle begins to shrink and detaches from the blood supply. The hair growth stops and the hair follicle enters a period of rest.

During the catagen phase, the hair follicle also undergoes a process of keratinization, in which the cells of the hair follicle begin to harden and form a protective sheath around the hair shaft. This helps to strengthen the hair shaft and prevent breakage.

The catagen phase marks the end of the anagen phase and the beginning of the telogen (resting) phase. At the end of the catagen phase, the hair follicle enters the telogen phase and remains in a dormant state for several months.

It is important to note that the catagen phase is a normal and necessary part of the hair growth cycle, as it allows the hair follicle to rest and recover before entering the anagen phase and beginning the process of new hair growth. By understanding the hair growth cycle and the different phases it involves, you can better understand the growth and health of your hair, and take steps to promote healthy hair growth.

Telogen

Telogen is the resting phase of the hair growth cycle. It follows the catagen (transitional) phase and lasts for about two to three months. During the telogen phase, the hair follicle does not produce new hair cells and remains in a dormant state. The hair follicle is not supplied with a rich blood supply, and the hair growth slows down or stops completely.

During the telogen phase, the hair follicle is in a state of rest and recovery, allowing it to recharge and prepare for the next phase of the hair growth cycle. The hair shaft remains in place and is not actively growing.

At the end of the telogen phase, the hair follicle re-enters the anagen (active growth) phase and begins producing new hair cells. The new hair pushes out the old hair shaft, which is shed. This process continues throughout the life of the hair follicle, with hair going through cycles of growth, rest, and shedding.

It is important to note that not all hair follicles on the scalp are in the same stage of the hair growth cycle at the same time. Instead, individual follicles can be in different stages of the cycle at different times, which helps to ensure that there is a constant supply of new hair growth. By understanding the hair growth cycle and the different phases it involves, you can better understand the growth and health of your hair, and take steps to promote healthy hair growth.

Final Year B Pharm Notes, Syllabus, Books, PDF Subjectwise/Topicwise

Final Year B Pharm Sem VIIBP701T Instrumental Methods of Analysis Theory
BP702T Industrial Pharmacy TheoryBP703T Pharmacy Practice Theory
BP704T Novel Drug Delivery System TheoryBP705 P Instrumental Methods of Analysis Practical
Final Year B Pharm Sem VIIBP801T Biostatistics and Research Methodology Theory
BP802T Social and Preventive Pharmacy TheoryBP803ET Pharmaceutical Marketing Theory
BP804ET Pharmaceutical Regulatory Science TheoryBP805ET Pharmacovigilance Theory
BP806ET Quality Control and Standardization of Herbals TheoryBP807ET Computer-Aided Drug Design Theory
BP808ET Cell and Molecular Biology TheoryBP809ET Cosmetic Science Theory
BP810ET Experimental Pharmacology TheoryBP811ET Advanced Instrumentation Techniques Theory
BP812ET Dietary supplements and NutraceuticalsPharmaceutical Product Development

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