September 30, 2023

Garlic: Source, Marker, chemical nature, Medicinal uses, health benefits

Garlic: Source, Marker, chemical nature, Medicinal uses, health benefits


Garlic (Allium sativum) is a species in the onion family Alliaceae, widely cultivated for its pungent bulbs. It is a perennial plant that grows up to 2 feet tall and has long, flat leaves that can reach up to 1 foot in length.

Name of marker compounds and their chemical nature:

Garlic contains several important compounds, including allicin, alliin, ajoene, and diallyl disulfide. Allicin is a sulfur-containing compound that gives garlic its characteristic odor and taste. It is a highly reactive and unstable compound that is quickly broken down into other sulfur-containing compounds, such as ajoene and diallyl disulfide, which are more stable.

Medicinal uses and health benefits of Garlic:

Garlic has been used for centuries as a natural remedy for a wide range of health problems. Here are some of the health benefits associated with garlic:

  1. Boosts immune system: Garlic has immune-boosting properties and has been shown to stimulate the production of white blood cells, which help fight infections and diseases.
  2. Lowers blood pressure: Garlic has been shown to have a mild blood pressure-lowering effect, which may help reduce the risk of heart disease.
  3. Lowers cholesterol levels: Garlic has been shown to reduce total and LDL cholesterol levels in people with high cholesterol.
  4. Prevents blood clotting: Garlic has antiplatelet activity, which means it can help prevent blood clots from forming and reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke.
  5. Reduces inflammation: Garlic has anti-inflammatory properties and has been shown to reduce inflammation in the body, which is believed to be a contributing factor to many chronic diseases.
  6. May have anticancer effects: Some studies suggest that garlic may have anticancer effects and may help prevent certain types of cancer, such as stomach and colon cancer.
  7. Improves digestion: Garlic has been used traditionally to aid digestion and can help stimulate the production of digestive enzymes.

Overall, garlic is a healthy food that can be enjoyed in a variety of ways. It is commonly used in cooking, but it can also be taken as a supplement in pill form. However, people who are taking blood-thinning medications should be cautious when consuming garlic, as it can increase the risk of bleeding.

Final Year B Pharm Notes, Syllabus, Books, PDF Subjectwise/Topicwise

Final Year B Pharm Sem VIIBP701T Instrumental Methods of Analysis Theory
BP702T Industrial Pharmacy TheoryBP703T Pharmacy Practice Theory
BP704T Novel Drug Delivery System TheoryBP705 P Instrumental Methods of Analysis Practical
Final Year B Pharm Sem VIIBP801T Biostatistics and Research Methodology Theory
BP802T Social and Preventive Pharmacy TheoryBP803ET Pharmaceutical Marketing Theory
BP804ET Pharmaceutical Regulatory Science TheoryBP805ET Pharmacovigilance Theory
BP806ET Quality Control and Standardization of Herbals TheoryBP807ET Computer-Aided Drug Design Theory
BP808ET Cell and Molecular Biology TheoryBP809ET Cosmetic Science Theory
BP810ET Experimental Pharmacology TheoryBP811ET Advanced Instrumentation Techniques Theory
BP812ET Dietary supplements and NutraceuticalsPharmaceutical Product Development

Suggested readings: