May 30, 2024

Role of fluoride in treatment of dental caries

Role of fluoride in treatment of dental caries

Fluoride plays a crucial role in the prevention and treatment of dental caries (tooth decay). Dental caries occur when acid-producing bacteria in the mouth produce acid that demineralizes the enamel and dentin of teeth, leading to cavities. Fluoride helps to prevent dental caries by:

  1. Strengthening tooth enamel: Fluoride can strengthen tooth enamel by making it more resistant to acid erosion. This process is called remineralization, and it involves the replacement of lost minerals in the enamel with fluoride ions.
  2. Inhibiting bacterial growth: Fluoride can also inhibit the growth and metabolism of acid-producing bacteria in the mouth, reducing their ability to produce acid and cause demineralization.
  3. Enhancing repair mechanisms: Fluoride can enhance the repair mechanisms of teeth by increasing the production of saliva, which helps to neutralize acid and remineralize the enamel.

Fluoride can be delivered in several ways to prevent dental caries, including:

  1. Topical application: Fluoride can be applied topically to the surface of teeth through toothpastes, gels, varnishes, and mouthwashes. Topical application of fluoride is particularly effective at strengthening tooth enamel and preventing caries.
  2. Systemic delivery: Fluoride can also be delivered systemically through water fluoridation, dietary supplements, or fluoride-containing medications. Systemic delivery of fluoride helps to strengthen tooth enamel during tooth development and can provide long-term protection against caries.

The use of fluoride in the prevention and treatment of dental caries has been extensively studied and has been shown to be safe and effective when used appropriately. The American Dental Association recommends that individuals of all ages use fluoride-containing dentifrices and that communities implement water fluoridation programs to prevent dental caries.

First Year B Pharm Notes, Syllabus, Books, PDF Subjectwise/Topicwise

F Y B Pharm Sem-IS Y B Pharm Sem-II
BP101T Human Anatomy and Physiology I TheoryBP201T Human Anatomy and Physiology II – Theory
BP102T Pharmaceutical Analysis I TheoryBP202T Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry I Theory
BP103T Pharmaceutics I TheoryBP203T Biochemistry – Theory
BP104T Pharmaceutical Inorganic Chemistry TheoryBP204T Pathophysiology – Theory
BP105T Communication skills TheoryBP205T Computer Applications in Pharmacy Theory
BP106RBT Remedial BiologyBP206T Environmental sciences – Theory
BP106RMT Remedial Mathematics TheoryBP207P Human Anatomy and Physiology II Practical
BP107P Human Anatomy and Physiology PracticalBP208P Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry I Practical
BP108P Pharmaceutical Analysis I PracticalBP209P Biochemistry Practical
BP109P Pharmaceutics I PracticalBP210P Computer Applications in Pharmacy Practical
BP110P Pharmaceutical Inorganic Chemistry Practical
BP111P Communication skills Practical
BP112RBP Remedial Biology Practical

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