July 20, 2024

# Determination of humidity air wet and dry bulb temperatures Dew point method

## Aim:

To determine the humidity of the air using wet and dry bulb temperatures and the dew point method.

## Principle:

Humidity refers to the amount of moisture present in the air. This experiment employs the wet and dry bulb temperatures to determine humidity. The wet bulb temperature is measured using a thermometer with its bulb covered in a wet cloth exposed to moving air, which causes evaporation and lowers the temperature. The dry bulb temperature is the regular air temperature. The difference between these temperatures, along with the atmospheric pressure, helps calculate the relative humidity and find the dew point.

## Requirement:

1. Dry Bulb Thermometer
2. Wet Bulb Thermometer
3. Whirling Hygrometer
4. Chart for Calculations
5. Calculation Sheet

## Method:

1. Setup Preparation:
• Calibrate the thermometers.
• Prepare the whirling hygrometer.
2. Measurement:
• Note the dry bulb temperature (Tdb) using the dry bulb thermometer.
• Wet the cloth covering the wet bulb thermometer and start rotating it.
• Wait for the temperature to stabilize and note down the wet bulb temperature (Twb).
• Record atmospheric pressure.
3. Calculations:
• Use the chart and the readings to find the difference between the dry and wet bulb temperatures.
• Determine the relative humidity using the difference and atmospheric pressure.
• Calculate the dew point using the readings and a suitable chart or formula.

## Observation:

• Dry Bulb Temperature (Tdb): [Recorded Value]
• Wet Bulb Temperature (Twb): [Recorded Value]
• Atmospheric Pressure: [Recorded Value]
• Difference between Tdb and Twb: [Calculated Value]
• Relative Humidity: [Calculated Value]
• Dew Point: [Calculated Value]

## Result:

After the calculations, you’ll obtain the relative humidity and the dew point temperature. This experiment helps students understand the practical aspects of measuring humidity and its relevance in pharmaceutical settings.

Pharm Engg Chapterwise MCQ: UNIT-I MCQ * Flow of fluids * Size reduction * Size separation UNIT-II MCQ *Heat transfer *Distillation *Evaporation UNIT-III MCQ *Drying * Mixing UNIT-IV MCQ * Filtration * Centrifugation * UNIT-V MCQ Materials of construction * Corrosion