May 30, 2024

Concepts of oxidation and reduction

Concepts of oxidation and reduction

Oxidation and reduction are two important chemical processes that occur in many chemical reactions, including redox titration.

Oxidation is the process in which an atom, molecule or ion loses electrons, resulting in an increase in its oxidation state. In other words, oxidation involves the loss of electrons, which can occur as a result of the gain of oxygen, the loss of hydrogen, or the loss of electrons to another substance. In a redox reaction, the substance that loses electrons is said to be oxidized.

Reduction, on the other hand, is the process in which an atom, molecule or ion gains electrons, resulting in a decrease in its oxidation state. In other words, reduction involves the gain of electrons, which can occur as a result of the loss of oxygen, the gain of hydrogen, or the gain of electrons from another substance. In a redox reaction, the substance that gains electrons is said to be reduced.

In redox titration, oxidation and reduction reactions occur simultaneously, and the endpoint of the titration is determined by the equivalence point, which occurs when the number of electrons lost by the oxidizing agent is equal to the number of electrons gained by the reducing agent. The equivalence point is indicated by a change in color or other physical property, such as a change in pH or conductivity.

In redox titration, the oxidizing agent is typically a solution of a strong oxidizing agent, such as permanganate or dichromate, while the reducing agent is the substance being titrated. The concentration of the reducing agent can be determined by adding the oxidizing agent in a controlled manner until the equivalence point is reached, at which point the concentration of the reducing agent can be calculated.

Overall, oxidation and reduction are important concepts in redox titration, and understanding these processes is crucial for accurately determining the concentration of a reducing agent.

First Year B Pharm Notes, Syllabus, Books, PDF Subjectwise/Topicwise

F Y B Pharm Sem-IF Y B Pharm Sem-II
BP101T Human Anatomy and Physiology I TheoryBP201T Human Anatomy and Physiology II – Theory
BP102T Pharmaceutical Analysis I TheoryBP202T Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry I Theory
BP103T Pharmaceutics I TheoryBP203T Biochemistry – Theory
BP104T Pharmaceutical Inorganic Chemistry TheoryBP204T Pathophysiology – Theory
BP105T Communication skills TheoryBP205T Computer Applications in Pharmacy Theory
BP106RBT Remedial BiologyBP206T Environmental sciences – Theory
BP106RMT Remedial Mathematics TheoryBP207P Human Anatomy and Physiology II Practical
BP107P Human Anatomy and Physiology PracticalBP208P Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry I Practical
BP108P Pharmaceutical Analysis I PracticalBP209P Biochemistry Practical
BP109P Pharmaceutics I PracticalBP210P Computer Applications in Pharmacy Practical
BP110P Pharmaceutical Inorganic Chemistry Practical
BP111P Communication skills Practical
BP112RBP Remedial Biology Practical

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