Clarification on Pharmacy Practice Regulations, 2015

Pharmacy practice regulations clarification

Clarification on Pharmacy Practice Regulations, 2015 notified by Pharmacy Council of India in Gazette of India No.17 dt.16.1.2015.

Under the said Regulations, the registered pharmacist is required to dispense medicines on the prescription of a Registered Medical Practitioner and can counsel the patient or care giver on medicine to enhance or optimize drug therapy.

The elements of patient counselling may include the following –

(i) Name and description of the drugs;

(ii) The dosage form, dose, route of administration, and duration of drug therapy;

(iii) Intended use of the drug and expected action;

(iv) Special directions and precautions for the drug;

(v) Common severe side effects or adverse effects or interactions and therapeutic contra indications that may be encountered, including their avoidance, and the action required if they occur ;

(vi) Techniques for self monitoring drug therapy;

(vii) Proper storage of the drugs;

(viii) Prescription refill information;

(ix) Action to be taken in the event of a missed dose;

(x) To ensure rational use of drugs.

In view of above, it is again clarified that under no circumstances, the registered pharmacist is empowered under the Pharmacy Act, 1948 and Pharmacy Practice Regulations, 2015 to practice medicines or open clinics to provide medical care.

Professions exist to serve society. The mission of the pharmacy profession is to render service to humanity with
full respect for the dignity of profession and man, besides addressing the needs of society and of individual patients. The public places great trust in the knowledge, skills and professional judgments of pharmacists. This trust requires the pharmacists to ensure and maintain throughout their career high standards of personal and professional conduct, up-to date knowledge and professional competence relevant to their domain of practice. The registered pharmacist should merit the confidence of patients entrusted to their care, rendering to each a full measure of service and devotion. For which the registered pharmacist should try continuously to improve his knowledge and skills and should make available to their patients and colleagues the benefits of their professional attainments.

The registered pharmacist should practice methods of practice founded on scientific basis and should not associate
professionally with anyone who violates this principle. The honoured ideals of the pharmacy profession imply that the responsibilities of the registered pharmacist extend not only to individuals but also to society.

This calls for framing of the regulations for practice of pharmacy laying down responsibilities of pharmacist towards
patient, another registered pharmacist and the public in general. Primary reasons to regulate pharmacy profession are:

To improve quality of health care
To ensure that Pharmacists maintain high standards in their duty
To reduce cost of health care
To inhibit criminal abuse of medicines

It is also a call for laying down the activities which may be construed as misconduct and provision for taking disciplinary action.

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