July 24, 2024

Cholera Symptoms, Bacteria, Virus Social Pharmacy Notes

Cholera Symptoms, Bacteria, Virus Social Pharmacy Notes

Causative Agent: Vibrio cholerae


1. Diarrhea, weakness

2. Nausea and vomiting 

3. Dehydration 

4. Rice water stool

5. Muscle cramp 

6. Suppression of urine.

Mode of Transmission: 

1. Spread is mainly contaminated food, water, and milk. 

2. Human beings are the only reservoir of cholera infection. 

3. Immediate source of infection is the stools and vomitus of cases and carriers. 

4. Flies also act as mechanical carriers. 

5. Direct contact through contaminated fingers during handling of excreta.

6. indirect transfer through fomites of the patient.

Prevention & Control- 

1. Early detection of suspected cases and bacteriological examination of stools for confirmation 

2. Notification to the local health authority. 

3. 4. Disinfection of stools, Vomitus, clothes, bedding, rooms and utensils 

5. Sanitary measures like water control fly control and disposal of excreta 

6. Prevention by cholera vaccine especially during fairs and festivals. 

7. Health education stressing the importance of food hygiene, personal hygiene and water hygiene. 

8. Water and milk should be consumed only after boiling. 

9. Fruits, vegetables should be thoroughly cleaned before use. 

10. Rehydration using ORS, zinc and if required antibiotics.

11. Isolation of the patient in hospital or treatment centre.  

12. Anti-fly measures should be taken. 

13. Treatment which involves rehydration of patient and administration of antibiotics like tetracycline 

F Y D Pharm & S Y D Pharm Notes, Books, Syllabus, PDF, Videos

First Year D PharmSecond Year D Pharm
ER20-11T Pharmaceutics TheoryER20-21T Pharmacology Theory
ER20-11P Pharmaceutics PracticalER20-21P Pharmacology Practical
ER20-12T Pharmaceutical Chemistry TheoryER20-22T Community Pharmacy & Management Theory
ER20-12P Pharmaceutical Chemistry PracticalER20-22P Community Pharmacy & Management Practical
ER20-13T Pharmacognosy TheoryER20-23T Biochemistry & Clinical Pathology Theory
ER20-13P Pharmacognosy PracticalER20-23P Biochemistry & Clinical Pathology Practical
ER20-14T Human Anatomy Physiology TheoryER20-24T Pharmacotherapeutics Theory
ER2014P Human Anatomy Physiology PracticalER20-24P Pharmacotherapeutics Practical
ER20-15T Social Pharmacy TheoryER20-25T Hospital & Clinical Pharmacy Theory
ER20-15P Social Pharmacy PracticalER20-25P Hospital & Clinical Pharmacy Practical
ER20-26T Pharmacy Law & Ethics

Suggested readings:

Manisha Yogesh Chaudhari is working as an Assistant Professor at Kokan Gyanpeeth’s Rahul Dharkar College of Pharmacy, Karjat, Maharashtra, India. She has worked with Pfizer and Flamingo Pharmaceuticals. She is actively involved in Books writing, Review, and research paper writing as well as actively involved in contributing towards academic literature

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