July 24, 2024

Blood circulation, blood vessels in Heart

Blood circulation, blood vessels in Heart

The heart is the center of the circulatory system, and it pumps blood to all parts of the body through a network of blood vessels. The blood vessels in the heart include:

  1. Arteries: Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood away from the heart to the rest of the body. The largest artery in the body is the aorta, which arises from the left ventricle and branches out to supply blood to all the major organs and tissues.
  2. Arterioles: Arterioles are smaller arteries that regulate blood flow to the capillaries.
  3. Capillaries: Capillaries are the smallest blood vessels in the body, and they allow for the exchange of oxygen, nutrients, and waste products between the blood and tissues.
  4. Venules: Venules are small veins that collect blood from the capillaries and transport it to the larger veins.
  5. Veins: Veins are blood vessels that carry deoxygenated blood back to the heart from the body. The largest vein in the body is the vena cava, which brings blood from the lower and upper body to the right atrium of the heart.

In terms of blood circulation, the heart is divided into two separate circuits: pulmonary circulation and systemic circulation.

Pulmonary circulation begins when the right ventricle of the heart pumps deoxygenated blood through the pulmonary artery to the lungs. In the lungs, the blood releases carbon dioxide and picks up oxygen, becoming oxygenated. The oxygenated blood then flows back to the left atrium of the heart through the pulmonary veins.

Systemic circulation begins when the left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood through the aorta to the rest of the body. The oxygenated blood is delivered to the capillaries, where it releases oxygen and nutrients to the tissues and picks up carbon dioxide and waste products. The deoxygenated blood then flows back to the right atrium of the heart through the vena cava, and the process begins again.

In summary, the blood vessels in the heart are crucial to maintaining a healthy circulatory system and ensuring that oxygen and nutrients reach all parts of the body.

First Year B Pharm Notes, Syllabus, Books, PDF Subjectwise/Topicwise

F Y B Pharm Sem-IF Y B Pharm Sem-II
BP101T Human Anatomy and Physiology I TheoryBP201T Human Anatomy and Physiology II – Theory
BP102T Pharmaceutical Analysis I TheoryBP202T Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry I Theory
BP103T Pharmaceutics I TheoryBP203T Biochemistry – Theory
BP104T Pharmaceutical Inorganic Chemistry TheoryBP204T Pathophysiology – Theory
BP105T Communication skills TheoryBP205T Computer Applications in Pharmacy Theory
BP106RBT Remedial BiologyBP206T Environmental sciences – Theory
BP106RMT Remedial Mathematics TheoryBP207P Human Anatomy and Physiology II Practical
BP107P Human Anatomy and Physiology PracticalBP208P Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry I Practical
BP108P Pharmaceutical Analysis I PracticalBP209P Biochemistry Practical
BP109P Pharmaceutics I PracticalBP210P Computer Applications in Pharmacy Practical
BP110P Pharmaceutical Inorganic Chemistry Practical
BP111P Communication skills Practical
BP112RBP Remedial Biology Practical

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