February 22, 2024

4.5 Biopharmaceutics & Pharmacokinetics Syllabus, Notes, PDF, Books, MCQ, Downloads

4.5 Biopharmaceutics & Pharmacokinetics Syllabus, Notes, PDF, Books, MCQ, Downloads


1. Introduction to Biopharmaceutics
a. Absorption of drugs from the gastrointestinal tract.
b. Drug Distribution.
c. Drug Elimination.


2. Introduction to Pharmacokinetics.
a. Mathematical model
b. Drug levels in the blood.
c. Pharmacokinetic model
d. Compartment models
e. Pharmacokinetic study.

3. One compartment open model.
a. Intravenous Injection (Bolus)
b. Intravenous infusion.

4. Multicompartment models.
a. Two compartment open model.
b. IV bolus, IV infusion, and oral administration

5. Multiple – Dosage Regimens.
a. Repetitive Intravenous injections – One Compartment Open Model
b. Repetitive Extravascular dosing – One Compartment Open model
c. Multiple Dose Regimen – Two Compartment Open Model

6. Nonlinear Pharmacokinetics.
a. Introduction
b. Factors causing Non-linearity.
c. Michaelis-menton method of estimating parameters.

7. Noncompartmental Pharmacokinetics.
a. Statistical Moment Theory.
b. MRT for various compartment models.
c. Physiological Pharmacokinetic model.

8. Bioavailability and Bioequivalence.
a. Introduction.
b. Bioavailability study protocol.
c. Methods of Assessment of Bioavailability

Biopharmaceutics & Pharmacokinetics Practicals

  1. Improvement of dissolution characteristics of slightly soluble drugs by some methods.
  2. Comparison of dissolution studies of two different marketed products of the same drug.
  3. Influence of polymorphism on solubility and dissolution.
  4. Protein binding studies of a highly protein-bound drug and poorly protein-bound drug.
  5. The extent of plasma protein binding studies on the same drug (i.e. highly and poorly protein-bound drug) at different concentrations in respect of constant time.
  6. Bioavailability studies of some commonly used drugs on animal/human models.
  7. Calculation of Ka, Ke, t1/2, Cmax, AUC, AUMC, MRT, etc. from blood profile data.
  8. Calculation of bioavailability from urinary excretion data for two drugs.
  9. Calculation of AUC and bioequivalence from the given data for two drugs.
  10. In vitro absorption studies.
  11. Bioequivalency studies on the different drugs marketed.(eg) Tetracycline, Sulphamethoxzole, Trimethoprim, Aspirin, etc., on animals and human volunteers.
  12. Absorption studies in the animal inverted intestine using various drugs.
  13. Effect on contact time on the plasma protein binding of drugs.
  14. Studying metabolic pathways for different drugs based on elimination kinetics data.
  15. Calculation of elimination half-life for different drugs by using urinary elimination data and blood level data.
  16. Determination of renal clearance.

Fourth Year Pharm D Subjects

4.2Hospital Pharmacy
4.3Clinical Pharmacy
4.4Biostatistics & Research Methodology
4.5Biopharmaceutics & Pharmacokinetics
4.6Clinical Toxicology

Suggested readings:

  • Navigating the Intricacies of Subdural Space: An In-Depth Academic Exploration

  • Unraveling the Complex World of Embolization: A Comprehensive Guide

  • Unveiling Subdural Hematoma: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment