February 22, 2024

Basic anatomical terminology

Basic anatomical terminology

Anatomy is the study of the structure and organization of living organisms. To effectively communicate about anatomy, there are some basic anatomical terms and concepts that are used universally. Here are some of the most common terms:

Anterior/posterior: “Anterior” refers to the front of the body, while “posterior” refers to the back of the body.

Superior/inferior: “Superior” refers to the upper part of the body, while “inferior” refers to the lower part of the body.

Medial/lateral: “Medial” refers to the middle of the body, while “lateral” refers to the side of the body.

Proximal/distal: “Proximal” refers to a structure or point of attachment that is closer to the body’s center, while “distal” refers to a structure or point of attachment that is farther away from the body’s center.

Superficial/deep: “Superficial” refers to a structure that is closer to the surface of the body, while “deep” refers to a structure that is located farther beneath the surface.

Sagittal plane: This plane divides the body into left and right parts.

Transverse plane: This plane divides the body into top and bottom parts.

Frontal plane: This plane divides the body into front and back parts.

By using these terms and concepts, anatomists and healthcare professionals can communicate precisely about the location and relationships of structures within the body.


First Year B Pharm Notes, Syllabus, Books, PDF Subjectwise/Topicwise

F Y B Pharm Sem-IF Y B Pharm Sem-II
BP101T Human Anatomy and Physiology I TheoryBP201T Human Anatomy and Physiology II – Theory
BP102T Pharmaceutical Analysis I TheoryBP202T Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry I Theory
BP103T Pharmaceutics I TheoryBP203T Biochemistry – Theory
BP104T Pharmaceutical Inorganic Chemistry TheoryBP204T Pathophysiology – Theory
BP105T Communication skills TheoryBP205T Computer Applications in Pharmacy Theory
BP106RBT Remedial BiologyBP206T Environmental sciences – Theory
BP106RMT Remedial Mathematics TheoryBP207P Human Anatomy and Physiology II Practical
BP107P Human Anatomy and Physiology PracticalBP208P Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry I Practical
BP108P Pharmaceutical Analysis I PracticalBP209P Biochemistry Practical
BP109P Pharmaceutics I PracticalBP210P Computer Applications in Pharmacy Practical
BP110P Pharmaceutical Inorganic Chemistry Practical
BP111P Communication skills Practical
BP112RBP Remedial Biology Practical

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