July 19, 2024

Arthropod-borne infections

Arthropod-borne infections

These diseases constitute a major health problem in India. Arthropods are insects that belong to phylum arthropods and are responsible for transmitting various diseases. they may infect or infest the human body by direct or indirect modes of transmission. 

Types of transmission of arthropod-borne diseases

  1. Direct contact: here, the arthropods are directly transmitted from person to person through close contact example : Scabies.
  1. Mechanical transmission: transmission by vectors like houseflies is the example of mechanical transmission. various diseases like diarrhoea, typhoid , food poisoning etc are examples of mechanical transmission. 
  1. Biological transmission: here the causative organism will undergo some developmental changes in the arthropod host itself and the disease progresses. example: Malaria (female anopheles mosquito), Plague(rat fleas)etc.

Control of arthropod borne disease:

  1. Environmental control:It can be achieved by elimination of breeding places, drainage operations , proper disposal of refuse and waste material as well as water management and cleanliness practices etc.
  1. Biological control: It can be achieved by various measures like screening of houses, hospitals, offices and use of various mosquito repellents available in the market and use of fishes like gabusia to control mosquitoes.
  1. Chemical control: It can be achieved by use of insecticides formulations available in the market which can be sprayed into the atmosphere to form a fog which kills the insects. 

Mosquito Malaria, filaria, yellow fever, dengue, filariasis, Japanese encephalitis 
Housefly Cholera, typhoid, diarrhoea, trachoma, salmonellosis, topical ulcer, streptococcal dermatitis, nephritis, anthrax, tularemia, dysentery and poliomyelitis 
Sand fly Kala azar, sandfly fever, oriental sore, leishmaniasis 
Rat flies Bubonic plague, epidemic typhus 
Lice Relapsing fever, trench fever, dermatitis 
Reduviid bugs Chagas disease 
Ticks Hard ticks: tick typhus, viral encephalitis, viral fever.Soft ticks:Q fever, relapsing fever 
Mite Itch mites: Scabies 
Trombiculid mice: Scabies, Scrub typhus, Rickettsialpox. 

F Y D Pharm Notes, Books, Syllabus, PDF, Videos

S. No.Name of the Course
1.ER20-11T Pharmaceutics Theory
2.ER20-11P Pharmaceutics Practical
3.ER20-12T Pharmaceutical Chemistry Theory
4.ER20-12P Pharmaceutical Chemistry Practical
5.ER20-13T Pharmacognosy Theory
6.ER20-13P Pharmacognosy Practical
7.ER20-14T Human Anatomy & Physiology Theory
8.ER20-14P Human Anatomy & Physiology Practical
9.ER20-15T Social Pharmacy Theory
10.ER20-15P Social Pharmacy Practical
F Y D Pharm Syllabus

Social Pharmacy Practical MCQ Part 1, Social Pharmacy Video, MCQ Social Pharmacy

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