Anatomy, Physiology and Pathophysiology Lab I MU BPH_C_108_L

Anatomy, Physiology and Pathophysiology Lab I

No. Details
1. Red Blood Cell (RBC) Count
2. Total Leukocyte Count
3. Differential Leukocyte (WBC) Count
4. Hemoglobin content of blood
5. Bleeding / Clotting Time
6. Blood groups
7. Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) / Hematocrit (Demonstration)


  1. Study of human skeleton


  1. Microscopic study of permanent slides Tissues :


  • Columnar, Cuboidal, Squamous, Ciliated Epithelium
  • Cardiac / Skeletal / Smooth muscle
  • Ovary, Testis, Liver, Pancreas, Thyroid, Tongue, Stomach, Intestine, Kidney, Lung, Spinal Cord, Cerebrum, Artery, Vein


  1. Measurement of blood pressure


  1. Tutorial / Discussion on some common investigational procedures used in diagnosis of diseases with the help of charts / slides


  1. Electroencephalogram (EEG) in diagnosis of Epilepsy
  2. Use of Positron emission tomography (PET) Computed tomography scan (CT Scan), Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in diagnosis.
  3. Use of flow cytometry as a diagnostic tool.
  4. Electrocardiogram (ECG) in diagnosis of cardiac arrhythmia
  5. Liver Function Tests –
    • Serum Bilirubin,
    • serum glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase (SGOT)
    • serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT)
    • Urine Bilirubin,
    • Urine Urobilinogen,
  6. Kidney Function Tests

–   Serum Creatinine,

–   Serum Urea, Uric Acid

–   Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)

  1. Blood Glucose
  2. Serum Cholesterol / Triglycerides
  3. Serum Alkaline phosphatase (ALT)
  4. Serum Acid phosphatase (APT)
  5. Serum Lipase
  6. Serum Amylase
  7. Serum Calcium
  8. Serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)
  9. Thyroid Function Tests – T3, T4
  10. Prothrombin time (PT)
  11. Partial thromboplastin time (PTT)
  12. Activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT)
  13. Diagnostic tests for infectious diseases like
    • Malaria
    • Tuberculosis
    • Dengue
    • H1N1 swine flu



  1. McNaught & Callander, Illustrated Physiology by B. R. Mackenna & R. Callander, Published by by Churchill Livingstone
  2. Kaplan, Jack, Opheim, Toivola, Lyon, Clinical Chemistry: Interpretation & Techniques, Published by Elseviers Publications
  3. Praful B. Godkar, Textbook of Medical Laboratory Technology, Published by Bhalani Publishing House, Mumbai, India
  4. L. Ghai, Text book of Practical Physiology, Published by Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi
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