History and development of Pharmacy in India

History of the profession of Pharmacy in India in relation to pharmacy education, industry, and organization,
Pharmacy as a career,
Pharmacopoeias: Introduction to IP, BP, USP and Extra Pharmacopoeia.

Currently, there are more than 1500 institutions annual enrolment of around 100,000 students

The pharmacy degree programs offered in India include:

Diploma in Pharmacy (D. Pharm),

Bachelor of Pharmacy (B. Pharm),

Master of Pharmacy (M. Pharm),

Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD), and

Doctor of Philosophy in Pharmacy (PhD).

Report of Drug Enquiry Committee

Banaras Hindu University in 1932 Two year Course in Pharmacy

  • In 1937 Three Year Course launched
  • Master of Pharmacy in 1941
  • PhD in 1945

Andhra University in 1937

Bombay University in 1943

MODERN INDIAN PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY:

  • 1901, a small factory known as the “Bengal Chemical and Pharmaceutical Works” was established in Calcutta.
  • Before that, the country was dependent largely on the United Kingdom, France and Germany for its requirements of drugs and medicines
  • The first public sector pharmaceutical company “Hindustan Antibiotics Ltd” was established with the help of the WTO, UNICEF in the year 1954.
  • Later on, the “Indian Drugs and Pharmaceutical Ltd” was started with the help of the Soviet Union in 1961.

In the year 2004-05,

  • Industry has grown to a US $ 300 million as compared to its size of US $ 2.3 millions in 1901
  • Formulations growth has been reported to be 1.2 % and the rest was contributing by the bulk drugs
  • Pioneering efforts were made a couple of decades later, by T. K. Gajjar and R.B.D. Amin by establishing the “Gajjar chemicals” and “Alembic chemicals”.
  • Today, it has crossed the US $ 16 billion mark according to the annual report of the Government of India

Research/Experimentation on Indian Pharma Industry

  • The Pharmaceutical industry is divided into two parts :
  • 1. Bulk Drugs [fermentation, synthetic and plant products] and
  • 2. Formulations.
  • Small scale, Medium scale, and Large scale

All the pharmaceutical companies are governed by the Drugs and Cosmetic Act, 1940 and the Rules of 1945 for the purpose

Import and Export

  • To supervise the import of drugs, the office of the Drug Controller is in existence along with four major branch offices situated at
  • Madras (Chennai),
  • Bombay (Mumbai),
  • Cochin (Kochchi) and
  • Calcutta (Kolkata)

LEGAL FRAMEWORK PERTAINING TO PHARMA INDUSTRY IN INDIA:

  • THE DRUG AND COSMETIC ACT of 1940. This act was enforced to regulate the import, manufacture, distribution and sale of drugs and cosmetics
  • THE DRUGS AND COSMETICS RULE, 1945, covers the subject of patents mainly related to drugs and cosmetics.
  • THE DRUGS AND REMEDIES ACT, 1954. As per this act all objectionable advertisements are controlled by the Pharmacy Council.
  • THE NARCOTIC DRUGS AND PHYCHOTROPIC ACT, 1985. This act prevails upon the rules and regulations related to narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and to prevent their illegal use.

Question Answers History and development of Pharmacy Profession in India

When Pharmacy courses started in India

The first course in Pharmacy was started by Banaras Hindu University in 1932. This was a Two year Course in Pharmacy, Later converted to Three years and then 4-year course

When M. Pharmacy courses started in India

Master of Pharmacy course started in 1941

Which is the First Pharmaceutical company in India

In 1901, a small factory known as the “Bengal Chemical and Pharmaceutical Works” was established in Calcutta which is also known as the First Pharmaceutical company in India

Which is the first public sector pharmaceutical company in India

“Hindustan Antibiotics Ltd” is the first public sector pharmaceutical company which was established with the help of the WTO, UNICEF in the year 1954

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