|1.||Introduction, development, present status, significance and future scope of||2|
|pharmacognosy. Alternative and Complementary systems of medicine Ayurveda,|
|Unani, Siddha, Homeopathy, Chinese medicine and Aromatherapy.|
|Self study: Examples of sources of DONO • Examples of drugs used in different||1|
|traditional systems of medicine.|
|2||Classification of drugs: Alphabetical, morphological, taxonomical,||1|
|pharmacological and chemical|
|3||Techniques in microscopy of powdered drugs covering use of mountants,||2|
|clearing agents, chemomicroscopic reagents, micrometer, quantitative|
|4||Plant description, morphology, cell differentiation and ergastic cell||7|
|contents:Study of plant parts, cell and tissue, underground or subterranean|
|drugs,roots, rhizomes, corms, bulb, tubers, stolen, runners, and suckers; Leaves:|
|Simple and compound, stomata, stomata number, stomatal index, palisade – ratio,|
|hydathodes and water pores, epidermal trichomes, calcium oxalate crystals, vein-|
|islet number,vein termination number; Inflorescence and flowers; Fruits; Seeds;|
|Barks, and wood. Unorganised drugs: Dried latex, dried juices, dried extracts,|
|gums and mucilages, resins.|
|5||Introduction, classification with examples and important biological activities of||12|
|following groups of plant constituents: Carbohydrates; Alkaloids, Glycosides,|
|saponins, steroids and triterpenoids Flavonoids, lignans, coumarins, tannins and|
|polyphenolic compounds, Lipids and volatile oils; Gums, mucilages, resins and|
|resin combinations with examples. Details of Phytochemical test for the|
|evaluation of each class|
|6||Cultivation, Collection, Processing and storage of crude drugs: Factors||4|
|influencing cultivation of medicinal plants. Types of soils and fertilizers of|
|common use. Pest management and natural pest control agents. Plant hormones|
|and their applications. Polyploidy, mutation and hybridization with reference to|
|7||Study of plant, animal & mineral fibres with respect to their classification,||3|
|sources, production, chemistry, commercial utility and significance in|
|Pharmaceutical Industry for the following: Absorbent & nonabsorbent cotton,|
|jute, flax, hemp, asbestos, glass wool, silk, wool, rayon, viscose|
|8||Systematic pharmacognostic study of following||7|
|a)Carbohydrates and derived products: agar, guar gum acacia, Honey, Isabgol,|
|pectin, Starch, sterculia chitin, xanthan gum, tamarind kernel powder (TKP) and|
|b) Lipids: Bees wax, Castor oil, Arachis oil, Cocoa butter, Shea butter, Cod~liver|
|oil, Hydnocarpus oil, Kokum butter, Lard, Linseed oil, Rice Bran oil, Wheat|
|germ oil, Shark liver oil and Wool fat|
|9||Proteins and Enzymes||Study of Proteins and Enzymes with respect to sources,||4|
|preparation and uses –||protein hydrolysates, gelatin, casein, thyroid hormones,|
|proteolytic enzymes (Papain, bromelain, serratiopeptidase, urokinase,|
|streptokinase, pepsin). Study of plant lectins with respect to sources, composition|
|and applications for Abrin, ricin.||1|
|Self study: • Marketed formulations containing serratiopeptidase and their|
|10||Biological source, chemical constituents and uses of the following: Chirata,||2|
|Shatavari, Kalmegh, Karela, Punarnava, Guggul, Tinospora.|
|Self study:Brahmi, Neem,Tulsi, Amla,||1|
|11||Self study: Minerals: Kiselghur, Chalk, Talc, and Bentonite.||1|
- Trease D. & Evans W. C.: Text Book of Pharmacognosy: W. B. Saunders.
- Tyler V.E., Brady L.R. & Robbers J. E.: Pharmacognosy; LeaFeibger, USA.
- Wallis T. E.;Text Book of Pharmacognosy; CBS Publishers, Delhi.
- Kokate C.K., Purohit A. P. &Gokhale S. B.: Pharmacognosy; Nirali Publications, Pune.
- Harbone J. B.: Phytochemical Methods: A guide to modern techniques Analysis: Chapman& Hall, London.
- Bruneton J.: Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants: Intercept Limited.
- Vasudevan T.N. &Laddha K.S.: A Textbook of Pharmacognosy, Vrinda Publication House, Jalgaon.
- The Indian Pharmacopeia: The Controller of Publication; Delhi.
- Brain K.R. & Turner T. D.: ThePractical Evaluation of Phytopharmaceuticals: Wright, Scientica, Bristol.
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