|Mention of fluid properties such as viscosity, compressibility and surface tension of fluids.|
|Hydrostatics influencing fluid flow.|
|Fluid dynamics‐ Bernoulli’s theorem, flow of fluids in pipes, laminar and turbulent flow.|
|2||Fluid and pressure measurements||3|
|Measurement of flow‐ Classification of flow meters, venturi meter,|
|Orifice meter, pitot tube, rotameter and current flow meters.|
|Pressure measurement ‐ Classification of manometers, simple manometer, U tube|
|manometer and modifications, Bourdon gauge.|
|Positive displacement pumps‐reciprocating pumps, rotary pumps.|
|4||Heat and Mass transfer||3|
|Modes of heat transfer‐ conduction, convection and radiation, Heat|
|exchangers‐tubular and plate.|
|Temperature measurement‐basic principles and devices.|
|Mass transfer in turbulent and laminar flow.|
|Concept of interfacial mass transfer|
|5||Conveying of solids||1|
|Belt conveyor, Bucket conveyor, Screw conveyor and Pneumatic conveyor.|
|Crystal forms and crystal habits, Mier’s theory of supersaturation, Nucleation, Crystal|
|Crystallizers‐ Classification, Tank crystallizers, Agitated tank crystallizers, Swenson Walker|
|crystallizer, Vacuum crystallizer and its modifications, Krystal or Oslo crystallizer.|
|Factors affecting crystallization and Caking of crystals|
|Introduction, concept of heat transfer across the wall of evaporator, factors influencing rate|
|of evaporation, including scale formation|
|Evaporators classification ‐ Pan evaporators, Tubular evaporators -Horizontal tube|
|evaporator, Vertical tube evaporators‐ short tube vertical evaporator, Long tube evaporators|
|‐Climbing film evaporator, Falling film evaporator, Forced circulation evaporator, Wiped|
|film evaporator , and Centrifugal rotary evaporator.|
|Multiple effect evaporator-principle, operation, economy, capacity efficiency and feeding|
|methods of evaporation.|
|Vapor recompression- mechanical and thermal compression principle|
|Evaporator accessories‐ condensers, vacuum pumps, expansion and bucket traps,|
|Revision of Vapour‐liquid equilibrium.|
|Distillation methods‐ Equilibrium distillation, Simple distillation|
|Fractional distillation‐ Theory of batch fractionation, Columns (only|
|construction and working) Bubble cap, sieve plate columns, valve plate column, packed|
|Concept of plate efficiency with respect to vapor equilibrium diagram and HETP (no|
|detailed theories and derivations).|
|Distillation under reduced pressure‐ Theory and applications of molecular distillation and|
|equipment including falling film and centrifugal molecular distillation still.|
|Azeotropic and Extractive distillation, Steam distillation‐ Theory and applications.|
|Refrigeration – equipment and concept of refrigeration load, concepts of brine systems and|
|10||Materials of construction and Corrosion:||4|
|Classification into metals and non‐metals.|
|Ferrous and its alloys‐cast iron, mild steel and stainless steel.|
|Copper and its alloys.|
|Nickel and its alloys.|
|Aluminium and its alloys.|
|Plastics‐ Classification into thermoplastics and thermosetting plastics, properties and|
|applications of polyvinyl chloride, polyethylene, polyporopylene, polystyrene, polyester,|
|ABS, phenolic and epoxy plastics, fluorocarbon plastics, chlorinated plastics and|
|Mechanism and types of corrosion. Factors influencing rate of corrosion. Methods of|
|11||Industrial Hazards and safety regulations:||3|
|Mechanical hazards and prevention.|
|Electrical hazards and prevention|
|Chemical hazards and prevention|
|Fire hazards and extinguishers|
- Sambamurthy, Pharmaceutical Engineering, New age international (P) Limited Publishers, 1998.
- A. R. Paradkar, Introduction to Pharmaceutical Engineering, 10th Edition, Nirali Parakashan, 2007.
- James Swarbrick & James C. Boylon, Encyclopedia of Pharmaceutical Technology, Marcel Dekker, INC, New York, 1994.
- Walter I. Badger & Julius T. Bancher, Introduction to Chemical Engineering, Mc Graw Hill Inc, 1995.
- E. Aulton, Ed, Pharmaceutics‐The Science of Dosage Form Design, Churchill Livingstone Medical Division Of Longman Group UK Ltd, 2002.
- J. Carter, Cooper and Gunn’s Tutorial Pharmacy, 6th Edition, CBS Publishers & Distributors, New Delhi, 2005.
- Robert H. Perry, Don W. Green, Perry’s Chemical Engineers Handbook,7th Edition, Don W. Green, James O. Maloney, McGraw Hill,1997.
- K. Jani, Pharmaceutical Engineering, Vallabh Prakashan.
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