|1.||Introduction to Carbohydrates:||22|
|Introduction to common monosaccharides ranging from trioses to hexoses|
|Introduction to common disaccharides sucrose, cellobiose, maltose, lactose|
|Introduction to common polysaccharides starch and glycogen|
|Introduction to Proteins:|
|Introduction to amino acids, their classification, three letter and one letter codes|
|Introduction to hierarchy of protein structures|
|Introduction to Lipids:|
|Introduction to common saturated and unsaturated fatty acids|
|Introduction to triacyl glycerol, phospholipids, sphingolipids|
|Introduction to Nucleic acids:|
|Introduction to nitrogen bases, nucleosides and nucleotides|
|Introduction to the structure of DNA (helices), melting and annealing of DNA,|
|melting temperature and introduction to higher order packaging of DNA|
|Introduction to the concept of glycoproteins, proteoglycans, lipopolysaccharides,|
|glycolipids, lipoproteins, proteolipids, nucleoproteins,||with examples.|
|Vitamins as co-enzymes and their significance. Biochemical roles of all the|
|vitamins with details of the mechanisms of their functions. (riboflavin, thiamine,|
|pyridoxal, nicotinamide, biotin, folic acid, ascorbic acid, pantothenic acid,|
|cyanocobolamine, inositol, vitamins A, D, E, K)|
|Introduction to the concept of free energy, standard free energy, transformed free|
|energy. Thermodynamically favorable or unfavorable reactions. Spontaneous|
|versus thermodynamically favorable reactions. Oxidations as a source of energy|
|in biological systems. ATP, NADH and FADH2 as energy carriers. Introduction|
|to the concepts of anabolism and catabolism. Convergence of metabolic|
|pathways and divergence of anabolic pathways|
|Digestion of food and absorption of food (carbohydrates, lipids and|
|carbohydrates). Fate of absorbed nutrients and the relationship with regard to|
|immediate use, storage, release and interconversion. Role of liver, muscle,|
|adipose tissue, brain and special features of rbcs.|
- Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, Replika Press.
- Stryer L, Biochemistry, W. H. Freeman & Co.
- Harper’s Biochemistry, Appleton and Lange, USA.
- Conn E, Stumpf PK, Brueing G and Doi Roy H, Outlines of Biochemistry, Wiley Liss, USA.
- Wilson and Gisvold’s Textbook of Organic Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Lippincott Willliams and Wilkins, USA
- Foye’s Principles of Medicinal Chemistry, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, USA.
For Pharma News and Conferences: Click here
For Online Shopping Offers : Click Here